See also: Alter, älter, and alter-

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old French alterer (French altérer), from Medieval Latin alterāre (to make other), from Latin alter (the other), from al- (seen in alius (other), alienus (of another), etc.; see alias, alien, etc.) + compar. suffix -ter.

Verb edit

alter (third-person singular simple present alters, present participle altering, simple past and past participle altered)

  1. (transitive) To change the form or structure of.
  2. (intransitive) To become different.
    • 1865, Walt Whitman, “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d”, in Sequel to Drum-Taps: When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d and other poems:
      [] Passing the song of the hermit bird and the tallying song of my soul, / Victorious song, death’s outlet song, yet varying ever-altering song, []
  3. (transitive) To tailor clothes to make them fit.
  4. (transitive) To castrate, neuter or spay (a dog or other animal).
  5. (transitive) To affect mentally, as by psychotropic drugs or illness.
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from alter ego.

Noun edit

alter (plural alters)

  1. An identity or headmate of a person with dissociative identity disorder (previously known as multiple personality disorder); a member of a system.
    • 2000, Elyn R. Saks, Stephen H. Behnke, Jekyll on Trial: Multiple Personality Disorder and Criminal Law, page 147:
      While the second goal would be best met if each alter were coconscious, the defendant should be satisfied if at least one competent alter is present to hear what transpires.

References edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

alter

  1. Misspelling of altar.
    • 2002, Nicholas Smeed, Resurrections: Vignettes About Discovery, Relationships, Personal Empowerment, And Preternatural Experiences, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, page 26:
      As an alter boy he remembered that walking between the alter and the gates was prohibited for everyone except the priest.
    • 2007, Jerry P. Martinez, Leche De Coyote, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, page 39:
      The hardest part of being an alter boy was learning Latin. The mass was conducted in Latin and we had to learn to pray in Latin.
    • 2009, Todd Sprague, Survive, Todd Sprague, →ISBN, page 142:
      On the alter, several candles sat unlit. An open bible rested among the candles. Behind the alter, hanging high, a huge cross was affixed to the wall, with a replica of Jesus in rags nailed to it. A simple wooden door stood closed behind the alter []
    • 2011, Suzanne Dekeyzer James, The Stone Harp, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, page 146:
      Truth motioned to Alexandra, “There; the key is kept on the alter.” She spotted it easily, for it was now well lighted by an amber colored presence light. She and the others moved quickly toward the alter.
    • 2018, William Francis Jack, Alter Boy Rules, Lulu Press, Inc, →ISBN:
      Third-rate alter boy. Skinny, lousy face, brown hair with a cowlick as big as Sputtnik. So as not to go on about it, I can put it in one word: Butt-ugly.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology edit

From Old Norse altari, from Old Saxon altari, from Late Latin altare (altar). Cognate with English altar and German Altar.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

alter n (singular definite altret or alteret, plural indefinite altre)

  1. (religion) altar, a table or a platform for making sacrifices.
  2. (Christianity) altar, the ritual space of a Christian church.

Inflection edit

References edit

alter” in Den Danske Ordbog

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

alter

  1. inflection of alt:
    1. strong/mixed nominative masculine singular
    2. strong genitive/dative feminine singular
    3. strong genitive plural

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From English alter, from Old French alterer (French altérer), from Medieval Latin alterare (to make other), from Latin alter (the other).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈalt̪ɛr], [ˈalt̪ər]
  • Hyphenation: al‧ter

Verb edit

alter

  1. to alter, to tailor clothes to make them fit.

Further reading edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂élteros (the other of two). Akin to alius. Compare with ulter.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

alter (feminine altera, neuter alterum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal)

  1. the other, the second
  2. the one...the other (alter...alter)
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 17:
      De re frumentaria Boios atque Aeduos adhortari non destitit; quorum alteri, [...] non multum adiuvabant, alteri non magnis facultatibus, [...] celeriter quod habuerunt consumpserunt
      He never ceased to urge the Boii and Aedui for supplies; of whom the one (Aedui) [...] did not help much, the others (Boii) as their resources was not great, [...] quickly consumed what they had

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative alter altera alterum alterī alterae altera
Genitive alterī̆us alterōrum alterārum alterōrum
Dative alterī alterīs
Accusative alterum alteram alterum alterōs alterās altera
Ablative alterō alterā alterō alterīs
Vocative alter altera alterum alterī alterae altera

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Further reading edit

  • alter”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alter”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • alter in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • one or two days: unus et alter dies
    • one, two, several days had passed, intervened: dies unus, alter, plures intercesserant

Lombard edit

Etymology edit

Akin to Italian altro, from Latin alter.

Adjective edit

alter

  1. other

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

alter n (definite singular alteret / altret, indefinite plural alter / altere / altre, definite plural altera / altra / altrene)

  1. an altar

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

alter m

  1. indefinite plural of alt

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

alter n (definite singular alteret, indefinite plural alter, definite plural altera)

  1. an altar

Old High German edit

Adjective edit

altēr

  1. strong masculine nominative singular of alt