See also: Fair, fáir, and fair-

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English fayr, feir, fager, from Old English fæġer (beautiful), from Proto-West Germanic *fagr, from Proto-Germanic *fagraz (suitable, fitting, nice), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ḱ- (to fasten, place).

Cognate with Scots fayr, fare (fair), Danish feir, faver, fager (fair, pretty), Norwegian fager (fair, pretty), Swedish fager (fair, pretty), Icelandic fagur (beautiful, fair), Umbrian pacer (gracious, merciful, kind), Slovak pekný (good-looking, handsome, nice). See also peace.

AdjectiveEdit

fair (comparative fairer, superlative fairest)

  1. (archaic or literary) Beautiful, of a pleasing appearance, with a pure and fresh quality.
    Monday's child is fair of face.
    There was once a knight who wooed a fair young maid.
    • 1460-1500, The Towneley Playsː
      He is so fair, without lease, he seems full well to sit on this.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Genesis 6:2, column 1:
      That the ſonnes of God ſaw the daughters of men, that they were faire, and they took them wiues, of all which they choſe.
    • 1912 February–July, Edgar Rice Burroughs, “Under the Moons of Mars”, in The All-Story, New York, N.Y.: Frank A. Munsey Co., OCLC 17392886; republished as “Champion and Chief”, in A Princess of Mars, Chicago, Ill.: A[lexander] C[aldwell] McClurg & Co., 1917, OCLC 419578288, page 96:
      "It was a purely scientific research party sent out by my father's father, the Jeddak of Helium, to rechart the air currents, and to take atmospheric density tests," replied the fair prisoner, in a low, well-modulated voice.
    • 2010, Stephan Grundy, Beowulf (Fiction), iUniverse, →ISBN, page 33:
      And yet he was also, though many generations separated them, distant cousin to the shining eoten-main Geard, whom the god Frea Ing had seen from afar and wedded; and to Scatha, the fair daughter of the old thurse Theasa, who had claimed a husband from among the gods as weregild for her father's slaying: often, it was said, the ugliest eotens would sire the fairest maids.
  2. Unblemished (figuratively or literally); clean and pure; innocent.
    one's fair name
    After scratching out and replacing various words in the manuscript, he scribed a fair copy to send to the publisher.
    • 1605, The Booke of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, London: Robert Barker, “The order for the administration of the Lords Supper, or holy Communion,”[1]
      The Table hauing at the Communion time a faire white linnen cloth vpon it, shall stand in the body of the Church, or in the Chancell, where Morning prayer and Euening prayer be appointed to be said.
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographia, London, Observation 21, “Of Moss, and several other small vegetative Substances,” p. 135,[2]
      [] I have observ’d, that putting fair Water (whether Rain-water or Pump-water, or May-dew, or Snow-water, it was almost all one) I have often observ’d, I say, that this Water would, with a little standing, tarnish and cover all about the sides of the Glass that lay under water, with a lovely green []
  3. Light in color, pale, particularly with regard to skin tone but also referring to blond hair.
    She had fair hair and blue eyes.
  4. Just, equitable.
    He must be given a fair trial.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314:
      “[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
  5. Adequate, reasonable, or decent.
    Their performance has been only fair.
    The patient was in a fair condition after some treatment.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 3, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      The words of these songs were either without meaning, or derived from an idiom with which Watt, a very fair linguist, had no acquaintance.
  6. (nautical, of a wind) Favorable to a ship's course.
  7. Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant; propitious; said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.
    a fair sky;  a fair day
  8. Free from obstacles or hindrances; unobstructed; unencumbered; open; direct; said of a road, passage, etc.
    a fair mark;  in fair sight;  a fair view
    • c. 1610?, Walter Raleigh, A Discourse of War
      The caliphs obtained a mighty empire, which was in a fair way to have enlarged.
  9. (shipbuilding) Without sudden change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; said of the figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other lines.
  10. (baseball) Between the baselines.
  11. (rugby, of a catch) Taken direct from an opponent's foot, without the ball touching the ground or another player.
  12. (cricket, of a ball delivered by the bowler) Not a no ball.
  13. (statistics) Of a coin or die, having equal chance of landing on any side, unbiased.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

fair (plural fair)

  1. Something which is fair (in various senses of the adjective).
    When will we learn to distinguish between the fair and the foul?
  2. (obsolete) A woman, a member of the ‘fair sex’; also as a collective singular, women.
    • 1744, Georg Friedrich Händel, Hercules, act 2, scene 8
      Love and Hymen, hand in hand, / Come, restore the nuptial band! / And sincere delights prepare / To crown the hero and the fair.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292:
      Here Jones, having ordered a servant to show a room above stairs, was ascending, when the dishevelled fair, hastily following, was laid hold on by the master of the house, who cried, “Heyday, where is that beggar wench going? Stay below stairs, I desire you.”
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, III.24:
      If single, probably his plighted Fair / Has in his absence wedded some rich miser  [].
  3. (obsolete) Fairness, beauty.
  4. A fair woman; a sweetheart.
  5. (obsolete) Good fortune; good luck.

VerbEdit

fair (third-person singular simple present fairs, present participle fairing, simple past and past participle faired)

  1. (transitive) To smoothen or even a surface (especially a connection or junction on a surface).
  2. (transitive) To bring into perfect alignment (especially about rivet holes when connecting structural members).
  3. (transitive, art) To make an animation smooth, removing any jerkiness.
    • 1996, Computer Animation '96: June 3-4, 1996, Geneva, Switzerland (page 136)
      Since the sequence of data contain sampling noises, the captured motion is not smooth and wiggles along the moving path. There are well-known fairing algorithms in Euclidean space based on difference geometry.
  4. (transitive) To construct or design with the aim of producing a smooth outline or reducing air drag or water resistance.
    • 1920, Technical Report of the Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (page 206)
      Two forward cars were provided with the model. One of these (shown detached in Fig. 1) was faired at its after end, with a view to possible reduction of head resistance, and to induce a better flow of air to the propeller.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To make fair or beautiful.
SynonymsEdit
  • (to reduce air drag or water resistance): to streamline
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

fair (comparative more fair or fairer, superlative most fair or fairest)

  1. clearly, openly, frankly, civilly, honestly, favorably, auspiciously, agreeably
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English feyre, from Old French foire, from Latin fēriae.

NounEdit

fair (plural fairs)

  1. A community gathering to celebrate and exhibit local achievements.
  2. An event for public entertainment and trade, a market.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. [] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
  3. An event for professionals in a trade to learn of new products and do business, a trade fair.
  4. A travelling amusement park (called a funfair in British English and a (travelling) carnival in US English).
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  • fair at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • fair in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • fair in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɛːr/
  • Hyphenation: fair

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English fair, from Middle English fayr, from Old English fæġer, from Proto-West Germanic *fagr, from Proto-Germanic *fagraz.

AdjectiveEdit

fair (comparative fairer, superlative fairst)

  1. (colloquial, affected) fair (just, honest, equitable, adequate).
InflectionEdit
Inflection of fair
uninflected fair
inflected faire
comparative fairder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial fair fairder het fairst
het fairste
indefinite m./f. sing. faire fairdere fairste
n. sing. fair fairder fairste
plural faire fairdere fairste
definite faire fairdere fairste
partitive fairs fairders

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English fair, from Middle English feyre, from Old French foire, from Latin fēriae.

NounEdit

fair m (plural fairs)

  1. A fair (social event, type of market).
    Synonyms: braderie, jaarmarkt
  2. (rare) A funfair, carnival.
    Synonyms: foor, kermis
Related termsEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English fair, from Old English fæġer, from Proto-West Germanic *fagr, from Proto-Germanic *fagraz, whence also Middle High German vager (splendid, wonderful).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɛːr/, [fɛːɐ̯], [feːɐ̯], [fɛɐ̯]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fair

AdjectiveEdit

fair (comparative fairer, superlative am fairsten)

  1. (especially sports) fair (just, honest, equitable, adequate)
    ein faires Spielan honest game, a fairly played game
    Unsere einzige Möglichkeit, fair zu sein, besteht darin, alle gleich schlecht zu behandeln.
    The only way we can be fair is by treating everybody equally badly.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • fair” in Duden online
  • fair” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French to do.

VerbEdit

fair

  1. (Saint-Domingue) to do
    Ly doi fair nion l'autre quichoy avant cila là.He should do another thing before that one.

DescendantsEdit

  • Haitian Creole:

ReferencesEdit

  • S.J Ducoeurjoly, Manuel des habitans de Saint-Domingue, contenant un précis de l'histoire de cette île

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English fair.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈfɛr], [ˈfɛːr]
  • Hyphenation: fair
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

AdjectiveEdit

fair (comparative fairebb, superlative legfairebb)

  1. fair (just, equitable)
    Synonyms: méltányos, tisztességes, becsületes, igazságos, korrekt, sportszerű

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative fair fairek
accusative fairt faireket
dative fairnek faireknek
instrumental fairrel fairekkel
causal-final fairért fairekért
translative fairré fairekké
terminative fairig fairekig
essive-formal fairként fairekként
essive-modal fairül
inessive fairben fairekben
superessive fairen faireken
adessive fairnél faireknél
illative fairbe fairekbe
sublative fairre fairekre
allative fairhez fairekhez
elative fairből fairekből
delative fairről fairekről
ablative fairtől fairektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
fairé faireké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
fairéi fairekéi

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • fair in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

See aire (watching, attention)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fair (present analytic faireann, future analytic fairfidh, verbal noun faire, past participle fairthe)

  1. to watch

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fair fhair bhfair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English fair.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): //fɛr// invalid IPA characters (//)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

AdjectiveEdit

fair (not comparable)

  1. fair (just, equitable)
    Synonym: uczciwy

DeclensionEdit

Indeclinable.

AdverbEdit

fair (not comparable)

  1. fairly (in a fair manner)
    Synonym: uczciwie

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • fair in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • fair in Polish dictionaries at PWN