IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse stóll, from Proto-Germanic *stōlaz, from Proto-Indo-European *stāl- (frame, rack, stand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stóll m (genitive singular stóls, nominative plural stólar)

  1. chair

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈstoːlː/

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *stōlaz (stool, chair, throne). Cognate with Old English stōl, Old Frisian stōl, Old Saxon stōl, Old Dutch stuol, Old High German stuol, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐍉𐌻𐍃 (stōls). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *stāl- (frame, rack, stand). The second meaning is a calque of Latin sēdēs (seat), while the third is presumably a calque of Latin thronī (the Thrones).

NounEdit

stóll m (genitive stóls, plural stólar)

  1. a stool, chair, throne
    • Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar 254, in 1835, F. Magnússon, C. C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur, Volume X. Copenhagen, page 16:
      [] þar tvískipat eptir endilöngu, voru skipaðir XIII stólar.
      [] there along the entire length [of the king's court] were set in two thirteen chairs.
  2. (ecclesiastic) bishop's residence, see
    • Guðmundar saga 68, in 1858, J. Sigurðsson, G. Vigfússon, Biskupa sögur, Volume I. Copenhagen, page 508:
      [] ok fór hann heim til stóls sins; []
      [] and came back to [the bishop's] see; []
  3. (Christianity, in the plural) the Thrones (a class of angels)
    • Old Norwegian Homily Book, in 1864, C. R. Unger, Gammel Norsk Homiliebog. Christiania, page 185, lines 11-12:
      [] þat ero englar oc hofuðenglar oc craftar, veldisenglar oc hofðingiar, drotnar oc stolar, []
      [] there are angels and archangels and Powers, Virtues and Principalities, Dominions and Thrones, []
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Icelandic: stóll
  • Faroese: stólur
  • Norn: stol, stul, støl
  • Norwegian Bokmål: stol
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: stol
  • Old Swedish: stōl
  • Danish: stol
  • Gutnish: stol, stul

Etymology 2Edit

Presumably from Old East Slavic столъ (stolŭ, table).

NounEdit

stóll m (genitive stóls, plural stólar)

  1. a table for eating and drinking
    • Bósa saga ok Herrauðs 12, in 1830, C. C. Rafn, Fornaldar sögur Nordrlanda, Volume III. Copenhagen, page 223:
      [] hann tók borðbúnað af stólnum, ok kastaði upp í sængina, []
      [] he took the dishes from the table and threw them up in the bed sheets, []
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Ultimately from Ancient Greek στόλος (stólos, army, fleet, troop).

NounEdit

stóll m (genitive stóls, plural stólar)

  1. (especially in compounds) a stock (especially of weapons and ships), host, fleet
    • Sverris saga 71, in 1834, F. Magnússon, C. C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur, Volume VIII, Copenhagen, page 177:
      Í þenna tíma hafði Magnús konúngr einn allan skipastólinn, []
      At that time had king Magnus an entire fleet of ships, []
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • stóll in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • stóll in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.