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Etymology 1Edit

PIE root

From Middle English stool, stole, stol, from Old English stōl ‎(chair, seat, throne), from Proto-Germanic *stōlaz ‎(chair) (compare West Frisian/Dutch stoel, German Stuhl, Swedish/Danish/Norwegian stol), from Proto-Indo-European *stoh₂los (compare Lithuanian stálas, Russian стол ‎(stol, table), стул ‎(stul, chair), Serbo-Croatian stol ‎(table), Slovenian stol ‎(chair), Albanian shtallë ‎(crutch), Ancient Greek στήλη ‎(stḗlē, block of stone used as a prop or buttress to a wall)), from *steh₂- ‎(to stand). More at stand.



stool ‎(plural stools)

  1. A seat for one person without a back or armrest.
  2. A footstool.
  3. (chiefly medicine) Feces; excrement.
  4. (archaic) A decoy.
  5. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) A seat; a seat with a back; a chair.
  6. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland, literally and figuratively) Throne.
  7. (obsolete) A seat used in evacuating the bowels; a toilet.
  8. (nautical) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  9. (US, dialect) Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to.
Derived termsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Latin stolo. See stolon.


stool ‎(plural stools)

  1. A plant from which layers are propagated by bending its branches into the soil.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of P. Henderson to this entry?)


stool ‎(third-person singular simple present stools, present participle stooling, simple past and past participle stooled)

  1. (agriculture) To ramify; to tiller, as grain; to shoot out suckers.
    • 1869, Richard D. Blackmore, Lorna Doone, chapter 38
      I worked very hard in the copse of young ash, with my billhook and a shearing-knife; cutting out the saplings where they stooled too close together, making spars to keep for thatching, wall-crooks to drive into the cob, stiles for close sheep hurdles, and handles for rakes, and hoes, and two-bills, of the larger and straighter stuff.




stool m, f ‎(plural stools)

  1. (Canada, slang, derogatory) A denouncer or whistleblower; a stoolie.

Derived termsEdit

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