- Hyphenation: ta‧gad
(With verbal prefixes):
- ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
- tigead (parts of Munster)
The standard form is analytic: go dtaga mé.
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
There are two main theories about the origin of this word. Both derived the first syllable from Proto-Baltic *ta-, from Proto-Indo-European *to-, an old pronominal stem, whence also tas (“this”). The second syllable is, according to one theory, from the particle ga and an extra -d (< da). The same particle ga can be found in Lithuanian tàgatės (“thus, like that”) and Old Prussian anga (“or”), and in reduced form in 17th-century arīg (modern arī “too”) and as dz (< *dzi < parallel form *gi) in nedz). An alternative theory, however, derives the second syllable in tagad from gads, now “year” but previously also “time”: from an earlier accusative *tagadi (“this time”) would have come present-day tagad “now.” Cognates include Old Church Slavonic тогда (togda), тъгда (tŭgda), Russian тогда (togdá), Ukrainian тогді (tohdí), тогід (tohid, “last year”), Bulgarian тога (togá), Czech tehdy, dialectal tehda (“then”).
- now (at the present moment)
- atnāciet rīt, tagad man nav laika ― come tomorrow, now I don't have time
- bet tagad pastāstiet kaut ko interesantu! ― but now tell (us) something interesting!
- runāt vajag tikai par to, kas ir zināms; bet, ko nezini, to iemācies un iepazīsti... bet tagad, marš, gulēt! ― can only speak about that which is knowable; that which you don't know, learn and get to know it... but now, march! to sleep!
- now, nowadays (in the time period that includes the present)
- manā laikā maršala zižļu dēļ tā neuztraucās kā tagad par tabakdozēm ― in my day they wouldn't worry about a marshall's baton the way they now do about a tobacco box
- kur septiņpadsmitā gadsimta sākumā bija Līvas upītes ieteka, tur tagad Līvas iela ― where in the beginning of the 17th century was the estuary of the Līva river, there now is Līva street