English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle English includen, borrowed from Latin inclūdere (to shut in, enclose, insert), from in- (in) + claudere (to shut), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂u- (key, hook, nail). Doublet of enclose. Displaced native Old English belūcan (“to include,” also “to shut in”).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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include (third-person singular simple present includes, present participle including, simple past and past participle included)

  1. To bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member.
    I will purchase the vacation package if you will include car rental.
  2. To consider as part of something; to comprehend.
    The vacation package includes car rental.
    Does this volume of Shakespeare include his sonnets?
    I was included in the invitation to the family gathering.
    up to and including page twenty-five
  3. (obsolete) To enclose, confine. [from early 15th c.]
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, →OCLC:
      , New York, 2001, p.107:
      I could have here willingly ranged, but these straits wherein I am included will not permit.
  4. (obsolete) To conclude; to terminate.
  5. (programming) To use a directive that allows the use of source code from another file.
    You have to include the strings library to use this function.

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

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include (plural includes)

  1. (programming) A piece of source code or other content that is dynamically retrieved for inclusion in another item.
    • 2006, Laura Lemay, Rafe Colburn, Sams Teach Yourself Web Publishing with HTML and CSS in One Hour a Day:
      In the previous lesson, you learned how to use server-side includes, which enable you to easily include snippets of web pages within other web pages.

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /inˈklu.de/
  • Rhymes: -ude
  • Hyphenation: in‧clù‧de

Verb

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include

  1. third-person singular present indicative of includere

Anagrams

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Latin

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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inclūde

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of inclūdō

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin includere. Doublet of the inherited închide.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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a include (third-person singular present include, past participle inclus) 3rd conj.

  1. to include
    Antonym: exclude

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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