English edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek -άς (-ás) (genitive -άδος (-ádos)): a suffix forming feminine nouns.

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. a unit or set (especially of a specified number)
    chiliad, duodecad
  2. (medicine, anatomy) toward
    tibiad; ulnad

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular informal, single possession)
    ház (house)a házad (your house)
  2. (fraction-forming suffix) -th. Added to a cardinal number to form a fraction.
    száz (hundred)század (hundredth)
  3. (verb-forming suffix) Added to a stem to form a verb.
    olvad (to melt)
    szak (part) + ‎-ad → ‎szakad (to tear (clothing))
  4. (settlement suffix) Suffix in names of settlements.
    Sarkad, Várad

Usage notes edit

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to the other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (fraction-forming suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (verb-forming suffix) Variants:
    -ad is added to back-vowel words
    -ed is added to front-vowel words
  • (settlement suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. (archaic, nonstandard) Used to form past participle form of many weak verbs

Alternative forms edit

Old Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • -ed (slender form)
  • -ud (often with A II verbs)

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the various thematic vowels of verb stems plus Proto-Celtic *-tus, i.e. from *-atus, *-ātus, *-etus, and *-ītus.

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. suffix forming verbal nouns
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Irish: -adh
  • Manx: -ey
  • Scottish Gaelic: -adh

Etymology 2 edit

From the various thematic vowels of verb stems plus Proto-Celtic *-to, i.e. from *-ato, *-āto, *-eto, and *-īto.

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. suffix forming the third-person singular imperative form
  2. suffix forming the third-person singular imperfect indicative form
  3. suffix forming the third-person singular past subjunctive form
  4. suffix forming the third-person singular conditional form of reduplicated and ē-future stems
  5. suffix forming the singular passive conjunct preterite form of s-preterite stems

Serbo-Croatian edit

Suffix edit

-ad (Cyrillic spelling -ад)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a collective noun.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -āte (second-person plural present active imperative ending of first conjugation verbs).

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. used to form the informal second-person plural imperative mood of -ar verbs
    hablar (to talk) + ‎-ad → ‎¡Hablad! (Talk!)

Swedish edit

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. -ed, used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
  2. suffix forming past participle

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate with Cornish -as.

Suffix edit

-ad m (plural -adau)

  1. show the action of a verb or its result
    dechrau (to start, to begin) + ‎-ad → ‎dechreuad (start, beginning)
    teimlo (to feel) + ‎-ad → ‎teimlad (feeling)
    dileu (to delete, to erase) + ‎-ad → ‎dilead (deletion, erasure)

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Brythonic *-ad, from earlier *-atus, a late (British) variant of *-ātus, used to form verbal nouns from Celtic ā-stem verbs.

Suffix edit

-ad m (plural -aid)

  1. suffix indicating an agent noun: -er, -or
    cadw (to keep) + ‎-ad → ‎ceidwad (keeper)
    galw (to call) + ‎-ad → ‎geilwad (caller)
  2. person who comes from somewhere or is classed by something, -ian, -ist
    Ewrop (Europe) + ‎-ad → ‎Ewropead (European)
    Corea (Korea) + ‎-ad → ‎Coread (Korean)
    Norwy (Norway) + ‎-ad → ‎Norwyad (Norwegian)
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “-ad”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yapese edit

Suffix edit

-ad

  1. Plural (3 or more) pronoun marker.