From Middle English lunge, longe, from Old English lungen, from Proto-Germanic *lunganjō, an enlargement of *lungô (“the light organ, lung”), from Proto-Indo-European *lengʷʰ- (“not heavy, agile, nimble”); compare *h₁lengʷʰ-, whence ultimately also light. Cognate with West Frisian long, Dutch long, German Lunge, Danish lunge, Norwegian lunge, Swedish lunga, Icelandic lunga, and also Russian лёгкое (ljóxkoje) (lung), Ancient Greek ἐλαφρός (elaphrós, “light in weight”) and perhaps Albanian lungë (“blister, bulge”). Compare Latin levis and Old English lēoht (Modern English light). See also lights (“lungs”). Superseded non-native Middle English pomoun (“lung”), borrowed from Old French poumon, pomon (“lung”).
lung (plural lungs)
- (anatomy) A biological organ of vertebrates that controls breathing and oxygenates the blood.
- 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. […] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
- (in the plural) Capacity for exercise or exertion; breath.
- He hasn't the lungs to play long rallies like he use to.
- That which supplies oxygen or fresh air, such as trees, parklands, forest, etc., to a place.
- 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 123:
- Afterwards he found that the vague feeling of alarm had spread to the clients of the underground railway, and that the Sunday excursionists began to return from all the South-Western "lungs" - Barnes, Wimbledon, Richmond Park, Kew, and so forth - at unnaturally early hours[.]
- (organ): (in the plural) bellows (informal or archaic), (in the plural) lights (of an animal, used as food)
- bagpipe lung
- bird fancier's lung
- black lung
- book lung
- brown lung
- flock worker's lung
- green lung
- heart-lung machine
- iron lung
- Labrador lung
- lung buster
- lung butter
- lung cancer
- lung capacity
- lung fever
- lung fields
- lung flower
- lung lichen
- lung power
- lung sac
- lung sick
- lung volume
- pigeon fancier's lung
- popcorn lung
- wouldn't work in an iron lung
- alternative spelling of .
- “lung” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.
- Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid, Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)
lung m (oblique and nominative feminine singular lunge)
- (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of
- → Romani: lùngo
- (of thought) very hard
- (only in compounds) loose