vocalis

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin vōcālis (sounding, vocal), clipping of mūsculus vōcālis (vocal muscle). Doublet of vocal.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vocalis (plural vocales)

  1. (anatomy) A triangular band of muscle that is the medial part of the thyroarytenoid muscle, originates in the lamina of the thyroid cartilage, and inserts into the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage; it lies parallel with the vocal ligament to which it is adherent and modulates the tension of the true vocal cords.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vocalis”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /u̯oːˈkaː.lis/, [u̯oːˈkäːlʲɪs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /voˈka.lis/, [vɔˈkäːlis]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From vōx (a voice, sound, tone) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjective-forming derivational suffix).

AdjectiveEdit

vōcālis (neuter vōcāle, adverb vōcāliter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (literally) uttering a voice, having a voice; speaking, sounding, sonorous, speaking, crying, singing, melodious; vocal
  2. (transferred sense):
    1. (causative, rare, poetic) making vocal, causing or inspiring speech or song
    2. prophesying
  This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!
InflectionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative vōcālis vōcāle vōcālēs vōcālia
Genitive vōcālis vōcālium
Dative vōcālī vōcālibus
Accusative vōcālem vōcāle vōcālēs
vōcālīs
vōcālia
Ablative vōcālī vōcālibus
Vocative vōcālis vōcāle vōcālēs vōcālia
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Noun use of the adjective vōcālis, in elliptical use for littera vōcālis or lītera vōcālis (literally sounding letter), a calque of Ancient Greek φωνῆεν (phōnêen).

NounEdit

vōcālis f (genitive vōcālis); third declension

  1. (grammar) vowel
    Synonyms: littera vōcālis, lītera vōcālis
InflectionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vōcālis vōcālēs
Genitive vōcālis vōcālium
Dative vōcālī vōcālibus
Accusative vōcālem vōcālēs
vōcālīs
Ablative vōcāle
vōcālī
vōcālibus
Vocative vōcālis vōcālēs
DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vocalis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vocalis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vocalis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vocalis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vōcālis.

NounEdit

vocalis f

  1. vowel
    • 13th century. In: Seifried Helbling. Herausgegeben und erklärt von Joseph Seemüller, Halle a. S., 1886, p. 237f.:
      Quinque sunt vocales
      A E I O U.
      Diu êrst vocalis ist daz â.
      [...]
      Diu dritt vocalis ist daz î.
      [...]
      Diu fünft vocalis ist daz û.
      [...]
    • 13th century. In: Das deutsche Kirchenlied von der ältesten Zeit bis zu Anfang des XVII. Jahrhunderts. Von Philipp Wackernagel. Zweiter Band, Leipzig, 1867, p. 209:
      Quinque sunt vocales, | A E I O U. | Diu erst vocalis ist daz a. | [...] | Diu dritt vocalis ist daz i. | [...] | Diu vünft vocalis ist daz u. | [...]

Related termsEdit