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Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Borrowed from Anglo-Norman voiz, voys, veys, from Latin vōx, from Proto-Indo-European *wṓkʷs.



voys (plural voyses)

  1. A voice; the sound a human or other speaking being makes from its mouth:
    1. The voice of a particular person (with certain identifying properties).
    2. A particular type of voice (with certain distinguishing properties).
      • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Apocalips 12:10”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
        And Y herde a greet vois in heuene, ſeiynge, Now is maad helthe, and vertu, and kyngdom of oure God, and the power of his Criſt; for the accuſer of oure britheren is caſt doun, which accuſide hem bifor the ſiȝte of oure God dai and nyȝt.
        And I heard a powerful voice in heaven, saying: "Now healing, power, the kingdom of our God, and the might of his Christ are made, because the accuser of our brothers, who questioned them day and night, is pulled down!"
        a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Apocalips 14:15”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
        And another aungel wente out of the temple, and criede with greet vois to hym that ſat on the cloude, Sende thi ſikil, and repe, for the our cometh, that it be ropun; for the corn of the erthe is ripe.
        And another angel went out of the temple, and cried with a powerful voice to the person that sat on the cloud: "Grab your sickle and reap, as the hour has arrived for things to be reaped; the grain of the earth is ripe".
    3. The sound made by a particular use of one's voice or a certain kind of talking.
    4. The speech faculty; one's capability to make vocal utterances or the organs causing it.
  2. A utterance or pronouncement; a usage or utilisation of one's voice:
    1. A sentence, saying or other short phrasing; especially one with foundational importance.
    2. A entreaty or beseechment to a deity; the act of praying or prayer.
  3. A particular or distinct sound; the sound made by a certain thing or things:
    1. A (certain) musical sound; a tune, note, or musical piece or a kind of one.
    2. The sound an animal makes or their capability to make it.
  4. What a person or people want; one's intent, order, preference or decision:
    1. One's officially registered decision; the voting of an individual.
    2. The ability or privilege afforded to one to make a decision.
  5. A particular linguistic system; a language, dialect, or idiom.
  6. (grammar) Grammatical voice; the relation a verb or noun has to the subject.
  7. (figuratively) One's repute or fame; that which makes one notable.
  8. (figuratively) A revelator or opiner; a person or thought with a view or information.
  9. (rare) The concept which a word or phrase denotes or represents.

Derived termsEdit


  • English: voice
  • Scots: voice, vice, vyce


Middle FrenchEdit