TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – hatred comes from the heart, to hate with one’s heart.

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066)

  1. hate, detest, abhor
  2. hatred

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale jang1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

  • On: ぞう (zō)
  • Kun: にくむ (nikumu), にくしみ (nikushimi), にくい (nikui), にくらしい (nikurashii)

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin zēng (zeng1), Wade-Giles tseng1)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:42