Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 05:16

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水火竹 (EFH), four-corner 39120, composition)

  1. sand, gravel, pebbles
  2. granulated
  3. the number 10-8

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 611, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1005, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1562, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6C99

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (沙), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣa/ /ʂa/ /ʃa/ /ʃɯa/ /ʂaɨ/ /ʃa/ /ʃa/
Character (沙), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所嫁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣaH/ /ʂaH/ /ʃaH/ /ʃɯaH/ /ʂaɨH/ /ʃaH/ /ʃaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shā ‹ srae › /*sˤraj/ sand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11025 1 /*sraːl/
11035 1 /*sraːls/

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ soa (soa1))

  1. sand

PrefixEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ sa)

  1. sand

SuffixEdit

(traditional and simplified, POJ se)

  1. sand

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa) [모래 사]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sa, sá)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville