Last modified on 9 August 2014, at 11:24

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
少-bw.png
Stroke order
少-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) : four sand granules. In Oracle bone form, it is depicted as four dots. Original form of (sand).

Han characterEdit

(radical 42 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火竹 (FH), four-corner 90200, composition丿)

  1. few, less, inadequate

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 296, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 590, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 561, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C11

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (少), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書沼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇuX/ /ɕi̯ɛuX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕiawX/ /ɕĭɛuX/ /ɕjæuX/
Character (少), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 失照切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇuH/ /ɕi̯ɛuH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕiawH/ /ɕĭɛuH/ /ɕjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǎo ‹ syewX › /*s.tewʔ {*[s.t]ewʔ}/ few
shào ‹ syewH › /*s-tewʔ-s {*[s-t]ewʔ-s}/ young
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13706 2 /*hmjewʔ/ 小轉註字
13708 2 /*hmjews/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. few, little
  2. inadequate

VerbEdit

  1. to lack, to be short of
  2. to lose
  3. to stop

AdverbEdit

  1. seldom

AdjectiveEdit

  1. young
    • 年轻 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]niánqīng [Pinyin] — young
AntonymsEdit
  • (duō, "a lot")

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiếu, thiểu, thẹo, thểu, thỉu, thẻo)

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