Last modified on 7 July 2014, at 13:33

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

水 水 水 水
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. KangXi Radical 85

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (水), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 式軌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕuiX/ /ɕʷiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuǐ ‹ sywijX › /*s.turʔ (E dialect *-r › *-j)/ water; river
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11948 2 /*qʰʷljilʔ/

NounEdit

  1. water, liquid, lotion, juice
  2. river

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Names

Etymology 1Edit

/mi1/ > /mi/. Typically found in compounds.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. water
Derived termsEdit
  • (みなと, minato)
  • (みなと, minato)
  • (みなもと, minamoto)
  • (みお, mio)
  • 水面 (みなも, minamo)
  • 水泡 (みなわ, minawa)
  • 水底 (みなそこ, minasoko)
  • 水無月 (みなづき, minazuki)
  • 漲る (みなぎる, minagiru)
  • 水上 (みなかみ, minakami)
  • (いずみ, izumi)
  • (みぞ, mizo)
  • (みぎわ, migiwa)
  • 満たす (みたす, mitasu)
  • (みぞれ, mizore)
  • (うみ, umi)
  • (みぞ, mizo)

Etymology 2Edit

/mi1du/ > /midu/ > /mid͡zu > /mizu/

Possibly cognate with Korean (mul).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived termsEdit
Idioms
  • 水入らずで
    みずいらずで
    mizuirazu de
    by ourselves
  • 水到りて渠成る
    みずいたりてきょなる
    mizu itarite kyonaru
    as time flows, everything falls into place
  • (に)水を差す
    (に)みずをさす
    (ni) mizu o sasu
    put a damper (on); throw a wet blanket (on) (lit. pour water on)

PrefixEdit

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu-)

  1. water
Related termsEdit
  • (mizu-): young and fresh

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

CompoundsEdit


MulamEdit

NounEdit

(nəm4)

  1. water

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

NounEdit

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

  1. water

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

NounEdit

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

NounEdit

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

  1. water

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thuỷ, thủy, lương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

NounEdit

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. water