Last modified on 11 December 2014, at 06:22

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

水 水 水 水
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. KangXi Radical 85

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (水), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 式軌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕuiX/ /ɕʷiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuǐ ‹ sywijX › /*s.turʔ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)/ water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11948 2 /*qʰʷljilʔ/

NounEdit

  1. water, liquid, lotion, juice
  2. river

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Names

Etymology 1Edit

/mi1/ > /mi/. Typically found in compounds.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. water
Derived termsEdit
  • (みなと, minato)
  • (みなと, minato)
  • (みなもと, minamoto)
  • (みお, mio)
  • 水面 (みなも, minamo)
  • 水泡 (みなわ, minawa)
  • 水底 (みなそこ, minasoko)
  • 水無月 (みなづき, minazuki)
  • 漲る (みなぎる, minagiru)
  • 水上 (みなかみ, minakami)
  • (いずみ, izumi)
  • (みぞ, mizo)
  • (みぎわ, migiwa)
  • 満たす (みたす, mitasu)
  • (みぞれ, mizore)
  • (うみ, umi)
  • (みぞ, mizo)

Etymology 2Edit

/mi1du/ > /midu/ > /mid͡zu > /mizu/

Possibly cognate with Korean (mul).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived termsEdit
Idioms
  • 水入らずで
    みずいらずで
    mizuirazu de
    by ourselves
  • 水到りて渠成る
    みずいたりてきょなる
    mizu itarite kyonaru
    as time flows, everything falls into place
  • (に)水を差す
    (に)みずをさす
    (ni) mizu o sasu
    put a damper (on); throw a wet blanket (on) (lit. pour water on)

PrefixEdit

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu-)

  1. water
Related termsEdit
  • (mizu-): young and fresh

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

CompoundsEdit


MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

(romaji mikɯ)

NounEdit

(romaji mikɯ)

  1. water

MulamEdit

NounEdit

(nəm4)

  1. water

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

NounEdit

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

  1. water

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

NounEdit

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

NounEdit

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

  1. water

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thuỷ, thủy, lương)

  1. water

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

NounEdit

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. water