Last modified on 12 December 2014, at 06:32

考試

ChineseEdit

 
to check; to verify; to test; to examine
 
to test; to try; experiment; examination; test
trad. (考試)
simp. (考试)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (考試, reconstructed)
Character (考), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦浩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰawX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/
Character (試), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 式吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨH/ /ɕiH/ /ɕiəH/ /ɕɨH/ /ɕɨH/ /ɕĭəH/ /ɕieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (考試, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎo ‹ khawX › /*k-r̥ ˤuʔ/ old; deceased father
shì ‹ syiH › /*l̥ əәk-s/ test, try

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7404 1 /*kʰluːʔ/
14971 0 /*hljɯɡs/

NounEdit

考試

  1. test; exam

VerbEdit

考試

  1. to take a test; to have an exam

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (考試):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on'yomi

NounEdit

考試 (hiragana こうし, romaji kōshi)

  1. test; exam

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

考試 (gosi) (hangeul 고시)

  1. Hanja form? of 고시, “examination, exam, test”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

Proper nounEdit

考試

  1. Hán tự form of khảo thí, "examination, exam, test"