Last modified on 21 June 2014, at 14:14

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
要-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

要 要 要 要
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): a woman () with two hands pointing to her midsection.

Original meaning was "waist" (now ). The hands gradually shifted upwards; the in the modern form evolved from the hands and the woman's head.

Han characterEdit

(radical 146 西+3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田女 (MWV), four-corner 10404, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1597, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8981

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): a woman () with two hands pointing to her midsection.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (要), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於霄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiaw/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔjæu/
Character (要), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於笑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiawH/ /ĭɛuH/ /ʔjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yào ‹ ʔjiewH › /*ʔew-s/ important
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14748 2 /*qew/
14752 2 /*qews/

VerbEdit

  1. to demand; to ask; to request
    • 要求 (yāoqiú) to request
  2. to force; to coerce
  3. variant of

Usage noteEdit

  • 要 with the first tone is only used in compounds

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (要), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於霄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiaw/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔjæu/
Character (要), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於笑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiawH/ /ĭɛuH/ /ʔjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yào ‹ ʔjiewH › /*ʔew-s/ important
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14748 2 /*qew/
14752 2 /*qews/

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to want; to wish; to need
  2. will; going to (future auxiliary)
  3. may; must; don't (in a negative sentence), to have to


AdjectiveEdit

  1. vital, important

ConjonctionEdit

  1. if, in case of

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-11.
  • "Sentences with 要", Tatoeba. URL accessed on 2014-03-11.

JapaneseEdit

See also 要する

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana よう, romaji )

  1. cornerstone
  2. requirement

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana かなめ, romaji kaname)

  1. pivot, cornerstone, keystone

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana かなめ, romaji Kaname)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yếu, éo, eo, yêu)

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