蟻 (radical 142 虫+13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition ⿰虫義)
- KangXi: page 1099, character 3
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
- Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
- Unihan data for U+87FB
(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)
From Middle Chinese 蟻 (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional 蟻 and simplified 蚁 (ngai5).
蟻 (hiragana ぎ, romaji gi)
This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.
- 蟻群 (ぎぐん, gigun): a group of ants
- 蟻径 (ぎけい, gikei): a narrow road or path (from the way that ants tend to travel in single file)
- 蟻穴 (ぎけつ, giketsu): an anthill, a hole dug by ants; a very small fault or mistake
- 蟻蚕 (ぎさん, gisan): a silkworm that has just hatched from its egg (from the superficial similarity to an ant)
- 蟻酸 (ぎさん, gisan): formic acid
- 蟻酸塩 (ぎさんえん, gisan'en): formate
- 蟻集, 蟻聚 (ぎしゅう, gishū): a large grouping, as of many ants
- 蟻走感 (ぎそうかん, gisōkan): formication: a feeling as of many bugs crawling on one's skin
- 蟻付 (ぎふ, gifu): a large grouping or gathering of people, much as ants will gather around something sweet
- 蟻封 (ぎほう, gihō): an anthill
- 蟻量 (ぎりょう, giryō): “ant-weight”: the weight of a silkworm just after hatching from its egg (see 蟻蚕 (gisan) above)
- 蟻垤 (ぎてつ, gitetsu): an anthill
Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.
蟻 (hiragana あり, romaji ari)
- 蟻の這い出る隙間もない (ありのはいでるすきまもない, ari no haideru sukima mo nai): “not even a crack wide enough for an ant to crawl through” → without a gap, close, tight
- 蟻の熊野参り (ありのくまのまいり, ari no Kumano-mairi), 蟻の伊勢参り (ありのいせまいり, ari no Ise-mairi), 蟻の百度参り (ありのひゃくどまいり, ari no hyakudo-mairi), 蟻の堂参り (ありのどうまいり, ari no dō-mairi), 蟻の物参り (ありのものまいり, ari no mono-mairi): “an ants' pilgrimage to Kumano / Ise / the hundred shrines and temples / the temples / the holy sites” → a metaphor likening ants in single file to a procession of pilgrims; alternately, a metaphor for a large group of people moving in single file
- 蟻の一穴 (ありのいっけつ, ari no ikketsu): “a single ant-hole” → a metaphor for the way a tiny thing can cause grave consequences; compare a stitch in time saves nine
- 蟻の穴から堤も崩れる (ありのあなからつつみもくずれる, ari no ana kara tsutsumi mo kuzureru), 蟻の穴より堤の崩れ (ありのあなよりつつみのくずれ, ari no ana yori tsutsumi no kuzure): “even a dike can fall apart due to an ant-hole” → a metaphor for the way a tiny thing can cause grave consequences; compare a stitch in time saves nine
- 蟻の甘きにつく如し (ありのあまきにつくごとし, ari no amaki ni tsuku gotoshi): “just like ants drawn to a sweet” → a metaphor for the way that people are drawn to profitable things; compare like a moth to a flame, of nearly opposite meaning
- 蟻の思いも天に届く (ありのおもいもてんにとどく, ari no omoi mo ten ni todoku), 蟻の思いも天に昇る (ありのおもいもてんにのぼる, ari no omoi mo ten ni noboru): “even an ant's thoughts can reach / rise to the heavens” → no matter how humble or lowly, if one tries hard enough, one's wishes can still be heard by the gods in heaven; compare where there's a will, there's a way
- 蟻の塔を組む如し (ありのとうをくむごとし, ari no tō o kumu gotoshi): “just like building an ant tower [anthill]” → even great deeds can be accomplished through patient work; compare a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step
Compound of 蟻 (ari, “ant”) + の (no, possessive particle) + 子 (ko, “child; small thing”).
蟻 (hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)
- (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
- (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
The spelling of 蟻 for ari no ko as is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
- ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.
蟻 (hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)
Cognate with Old Japanese 蟻 (ari, “ant”).
蟻 (hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)
蟻 (ui) (hangeul 의, revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)
蟻 (simplified 蚁, Pinyin jǐ (ji3), yǐ (yi3), Wade-Giles chi3, i3)
蟻 (traditional, Pinyin , simplified 蚁)
VietnameseEditLast modified on 14 April 2014, at 03:53