Last modified on 7 July 2014, at 21:01
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

  1. ants

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping ngai5, Yale ngai5)

  1. ant

NounEdit

(traditional, Jyutping ngai5, Yale ngai5, simplified )

  1. ant

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional and simplified (ngai5).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notesEdit

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Compound of (ari, ant) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [a̠ɾi no̞ ko̞]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notesEdit

The spelling of for ari no ko as is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

  1. ant

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin (ji3), (yi3), Wade-Giles chi3, i3)

  1. ant

NounEdit

(traditional, Pinyin (ji3), (yi3), simplified )

  1. ant

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghĩ, nghị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

NounEdit

(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant