Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 08:35
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
金-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a bell (cast metal) with bumps.

Also simplified from in some characters, such as (from ).

金 金 金 金
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

Gold bullion 2.jpg

(radical 167 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 金 (C), four-corner 80109)

  1. gold (Au)
  2. metal or metals generally
  3. material wealth, such as money or precious gems
  4. the Jurchen Jin dynasty of medieval China

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1295, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1795, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4167, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91D1

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (金), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居吟切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪm/ /ki̯əm/ /kiəm/ /kim/ /kim/ /kĭĕm/ /kjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīn ‹ kim › /*kəm {*k(r)[ə]m}/ metal, bronze
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6679 1 /*krɯm/ 說文今聲,俞敏依金文非之

NounEdit

  1. (chemistry) gold, Au
    的颜色和黄铜很相似。
    jīn de yánsè hé huángtóng hěn xiāngsì
    Gold is similar in color to brass.
  2. metals
    金属 ― metal
    合金 ― alloy
  3. money
    现金 ― cash
    资金 ― funds
    金钱 ― curency

AdjectiveEdit

  1. golden
    金发 blond
    他被奖励了一块表。 tā bèi jiǎnglì le yīkuài jīn biǎo.
    He received a golden watch as a prize

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. Jurchen Jin dynasty 金朝 (1115–1234)
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. gold
  2. metal

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(kane, kugane, kogane, kin): Synthetically produced crystalline gold.
(kane, kana, kin): Metal in general, such as metal sheeting.
(kane, kana, kin): Hot metal work from a blacksmith.

From Old Japanese. Appears to be the older form of this word. In modern Japanese, only found at the start of compounds.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana かな, romaji kana-)

  1. metal
  2. money
  3. firmness, strength
  4. completely, entirely
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Appears to be a fusion of kana + Old Japanese emphatic nominal particle (​i). Compare the development of modern kami from kamu + i at , te from ta + i at , me from ma + i at .

/kana/ + /i//*kanai//kane/

The four kanji spellings of this term, (“gold”), (silver), (copper), and (iron), hint at the importance of each of these four metals in ancient Japan.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かね, romaji kane)

  1. money
    お金 (​okane)
  2. metal
Usage notesEdit

The spelling is the most common for this term.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Compound of (ku, yellow) +‎ (kane, metal). The ku is a variation of regular kun'yomi of ki for the character.[2] The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くがね, romaji kugane)

  1. (archaic) gold

Etymology 4Edit

Alteration of kugane[2], possibly influenced by metaphor from 小金 (kogane, a small amount of money), or by the kan'on reading of for the character.

/kugane//kogane/

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こがね, romaji kogane)

  1. gold
  2. gold or metal currency: coins, such as 大判 (ōban) or 小判 (koban)
  3. short for 黄金色 (kogane iro, gold, the color)
  4. short for 黄金の泥 (kogane no dei, golden mud, gold dust suspended in an emulsion and used for painting or other decoration)
    金泥 (​kondei)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From Middle Chinese (/kim/). Compare modern Mandarin (jīn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きん, romaji kin)

  1. gold (Au)
  2. money
     (きん)一封 (いっぷう)をもらった。
    Kin ippū o moratta.
    I received a gift of money.
  3. metal
  4. (shogi) short for 金将 (kinsho, the gold general, a shogi piece)
Usage notesEdit

Often found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gim, geum)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: gim, geum, McCune-Reischauer: kim, kŭm, Yale: kim, kum)
  • Name (hangeul): ,  (revised: seong, soe, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, soe, Yale: seng, soy)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

NounEdit

(geum) (hangeul )

  1. gold
  2. (as an abbreviation) Friday

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(Gim) (hangeul )

  1. A surname​.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*gyim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kim, ghim, găm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.