Last modified on 5 October 2014, at 14:03
See also: Pool

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English pool, pole, pol, from Old English pōl (pool), from Proto-Germanic *pōlaz (pool, pond), from Proto-Indo-European *bale- (bog, marsh). Cognate with Scots puil (pool), Saterland Frisian Pol (pool), West Frisian poel (pool), Dutch poel (pool), Low German Pohl, Pul (pool), German Pfuhl (quagmire, mudhole), Danish pøl (puddle), Swedish pöl (puddle, pool), Icelandic pollur (puddle), Lithuanian bala (bog, marsh, swamp, pool), Latvian bala (a muddly, treeless depression), Russian болото (boloto, swamp, bog, marsh).

NounEdit

A pool (as one supplied by a spring or occurring in the course of a stream)

pool (plural pools)

  1. A small and rather deep collection of (usually) fresh water, as one supplied by a spring, or occurring in the course of a stream; a reservoir for water.
    the pools of Solomon
  2. A small body of standing or stagnant water; a puddle.
  3. A swimming pool.
  4. A supply of resources.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit
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VerbEdit

pool (third-person singular simple present pools, present participle pooling, simple past and past participle pooled)

  1. (intransitive, of a liquid) to form a pool

Etymology 2Edit

French poule (collective stakes in a game) (The OED suggests that this may be a transferred use of poule (hen), which has been explained anecdotally as deriving from an old informal betting game in France - 'jeu de poule' - Game of Chicken (or Hen, literally) in which poule became synonymous with the combined money pot claimed by the winner)

NounEdit

pool (plural pools)

  1. (uncountable) A game at billiards, in which each of the players stakes a certain sum, the winner taking the whole; also, in public billiard rooms, a game in which the loser pays the entrance fee for all who engage in the game; a game of skill in pocketing the balls on a pool table.
  2. In rifle shooting, a contest in which each competitor pays a certain sum for every shot he makes, the net proceeds being divided among the winners.
  3. Any gambling or commercial venture in which several persons join.
  4. The stake played for in certain games of cards, billiards, etc.; an aggregated stake to which each player has contributed a share; also, the receptacle for the stakes.
  5. A combination of persons contributing money to be used for the purpose of increasing or depressing the market price of stocks, grain, or other commodities; also, the aggregate of the sums so contributed.
    The pool took all the wheat offered below the limit.
    He put $10,000 into the pool.
  6. (rail transport) A mutual arrangement between competing lines, by which the receipts of all are aggregated, and then distributed pro rata according to agreement.
  7. (law) An aggregation of properties or rights, belonging to different people in a community, in a common fund, to be charged with common liabilities.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

pool (third-person singular simple present pools, present participle pooling, simple past and past participle pooled)

  1. (transitive) to put together; contribute to a common fund, on the basis of a mutual division of profits or losses; to make a common interest of; as, the companies pooled their traffic
    • (Can we date this quote?) Grant:
      Finally, it favors the pooling of all issues.
  2. (intransitive) to combine or contribute with others, as for a commercial, speculative, or gambling transaction
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin polus, which itself is from Ancient Greek πόλος (pólos, axis). Cognate with English pole.

NounEdit

pool c (plural polen, diminutive pooltje n)

  1. magnetic pole (especially of the Earth and other celestial bodies)
  2. electrical pole (e.g. of a battery)
  3. (figuratively) an opposing side of a principle or a doctrine
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English pool

NounEdit

pool m (plural pools, diminutive pooltje n)

  1. a gambling venture such as a football pool
  2. the stake involved in such a venture
  3. an arrangement where people pool in money to share one resource such as a carpool
  4. (sports) pool
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Possibly from Anglo-Norman pyle, or maybe Middle Dutch pijl (thin hair); both from Latin pilus (hair). Cognate with English pile

NounEdit

pool c (plural polen, diminutive pooltje n)

  1. the pile (upstanding usually fine hair) on certain fabrics, velvet or carpeting

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Loaned from a Slavic language; ultimately from Proto-Slavic *polъ (half); cognate with Russian пол (pol, half), Finnish puoli (half).

Pronounced with unpalatalised l.

NounEdit

pool (genitive poole, partitive poolt)

  1. half
  2. side
    tagumine pool — back side
    koledam pool — the ugly side
DeclensionEdit

The nonstandard plural partitive poolesid is common in colloquial use.

PostpositionEdit

pool

  1. at, to, towards
    minu pool — at my place
    põhja pool — to the north, in the north
    igal pool — everywhere
DeclensionEdit
allative: poole
adessive: pool
ablative: poolt

Etymology 2Edit

Pronounced with palatalised l.

NounEdit

pool (genitive pooli, partitive pooli)

  1. bobbin, coil
DeclensionEdit