From Middle English striven (“to strive”) from Old French estriver (“to compete, quarrel”) from Old French estrif (“quarrel, dispute”), alteration (influenced by Germanic forms related to Frankish *strīban (“to strive”), compare Middle Dutch streven (“to strive”), German streben (“to strive”)) of Old French estrit, from Frankish *strīd (“quarrel, dispute”) from Proto-Germanic *strīdō (“combat, strife”). Akin to Old High German strīt (“quarrel”) (German Streit), Old High German strītan (“to fight”), Old Norse strīð (“strife, contention”). More at stride.
- To try to achieve a result; to make strenuous effort; to try earnestly and persistently.
- He strove to excel.
- To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest.
- to strive against fate
- to strive for the truth
- Now private pity strove with public hate, / Reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.
- To vie; to compete as a rival.
- [Not] that sweet grove / Of Daphne, by Orontes and the inspired / Castalian spring, might with this paradise / Of Eden strive.
- This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
- The strong or irregular forms "strove" and "striven" are more commonly used in print than "strived".
strive (plural strives)
- (obsolete) An effort; a striving.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?)
- (obsolete) strife; contention
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Luke xxi. 9) to this entry?)
- strive in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- strive in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911