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See also: ars, ARs, ARS, árs, and års

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LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *ar-, *arə- (to plow) (compare Latvian art), whence also the lexicalized variant āre (open space; cultivated land) and the verb art (to plough). The adverb ārā (outside) is the corresponding locative case form; in 16th- and 17th-century sources an old illative form āran is also used. The original meaning of ārs was thus “ploughed, tilled field.” Cognates include Lithuanian óras (air; outside; sky; weather), Hittite [Term?] (/arẖa/, region, coast; away, outside), [Term?] (/arẖi-/, in a plain, in a glade, outside), Lydian 𐤠𐤠𐤭𐤠 (aara, fence, fenced area, rural property), Albanian arë (field).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. exterior, outside (the space in the outside of a building, house, etc.)
    skraidīt pa āruto run outside
    āra gaiss slimniecei varēja nākt tikai par labuoutside air could only be a good thing for the hospital
    no āra ienāceji vispirms iekļuva virtuvē, tad mazajā istabiņā ar diviem lodziņiemthe newcomers from outside first went into the kitchen, then into a little room with two little windows
  2. (chiefly genitive, used adjectivally) external, outside, outer
    āra logsexternal, outside window
    āra durvisouter door
  3. out, outside (of something, some object)
    dīvānam vidū bija bedre un dažas atsperes izspiedušās uz āruin the middle of the coach there was a hole and several springs were bulging out
  4. (poetic) open space, open, outdoors; cultivated land, fields
    āros māsa uzaugusi, / aizved purva maliņā(my) sister grew up in the open, / taken away to the edge of the swamp
    lūk, zeme zied; viens kūpošs ziedu ārslook! the earth is blooming; one hazy field of flowers!
Usage notesEdit

The term ārs (exterior, outside) is most often used as an adverb, in the locative (ārā), or then in compounds, in the genitive (āra), where it is usually reduced to ār-.

DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Via some other European language, ultimately from French are, formed on the basis of Latin ārea (open space) as a (rarely used) SI unit.

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. are (SI unit of area, equivalent to 100 square meters)
    netālu no Hjerkinnas (Norvēģijā) es dzelzceļa malā redzēju līdumu, 10 vai 15 āru platībānot far from Hjerkinna (in Norway) I saw a clearing at the side of a railway, in area about 10 or 15 ares
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ārs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN