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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Has been compared to λεῖος (leîos, smooth), λιτός (litós, simple, plain), Latin laedō (to strike, hurt), and Lithuanian slidùs. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin, noting that words for "stone" are often taken from a substrate language.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /lí.tʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈli.tʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈli.θos/
  • NounEdit

    λῐ́θος (líthosm (genitive λῐ́θου); second declension

    1. a stone
    2. stone as a substance

    Usage notesEdit

    Λίθος is sometimes used as a feminine noun. This often (but not always) is used to refer to some special stone, such as a gem or magnet.

    InflectionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Ancient Greek λίθος (líthos).

    NounEdit

    λίθος (líthosm (plural λίθοι)

    1. stone (building material)
      θεμέλιος λίθοςthemélios líthosfoundation stone
    2. (medicine) stone, calculus
    3. (archaeology) stone
      Εποχή του ΛίθουEpochí tou LíthouStone Age

    DeclensionEdit

    Coordinate termsEdit

    Derived termsEdit