From Middle English blok (“log, stump, solid piece”), from Old French bloc (“log, block”), from Middle Dutch blok (“treetrunk”), from Old Dutch *blok (“log”), from Proto-Germanic *blukką (“beam, log”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhulg'-, from *bhelg'- (“thick plank, beam, pile, prop”). Cognate with Old Frisian blok, Old Saxon blok, Old High German bloh, bloc (“block”), Old English bolca (“gangway of a ship, plank”), Old Norse bǫlkr (“divider, partition”). More at balk.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /blɒk/
- Rhymes: -ɒk
- (General American) IPA(key): /blɑk/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophone: bloc
block (plural blocks)
- A substantial, often approximately cuboid, piece of any substance.
1945 May, George Orwell, chapter 1, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473:
- You young porkers who are sitting in front of me, every one of you will scream your lives out at the block within a year.
- A block of ice.
- A block of stone.
- A chopping block; cuboid base for cutting or beheading.
- Anne Boleyn placed her head on the block and awaited her execution.
- A group of urban lots of property, several acres in extent, not crossed by public streets.
- I'm going for a walk around the block.
- A residential building consisting of flats.
- a block of flats.
- The distance from one street to another in a city that is built (approximately) to a grid pattern.
- The place you are looking for is two long blocks east and one short block north.
- (slang) The human head.
- I'll knock your block off.
- A wig block: a simplified head model upon which wigs are worn.
- A mould on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped.
- He wears his faith but as the fashion of his hat; it ever changes with the next block.
- A set of sheets (of paper) joined together at one end.
- a block of 100 tickets
- (computing) A logical data storage unit containing one or more physical sectors (see cluster).
- (programming) A region of code in a program that acts as a single unit, such as a function or loop.
- (cryptography) A fixed-length group of bits making up part of a message.
- (rigging) A case with one or more sheaves/pulleys, used with ropes to increase or redirect force, for example, as part of the rigging of a sailing ship.
- (chemistry) A portion of a macromolecule, comprising many units, that has at least one feature not present in adjacent portions.
- Something that prevents something from passing (see blockage).
- There's a block in the pipe that means the water can't get through.
- (sports) An action to interfere with the movement of an opposing player or of the object of play (ball, puck).
2011 February 12, Oliver Brett, “Sunderland 1–2 Tottenham”, in BBC:
- The match proved an unedifying spectacle until Spurs won a corner following their first move of real quality, John Mensah making an important block with Jermain Defoe poised to strike.
- (cricket) A shot played by holding the bat vertically in the path of the ball, so that it loses momentum and drops to the ground.
- (volleyball) A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court.
- (philately) A joined group of four (or in some cases nine) postage stamps, forming a roughly square shape.
- (Can we verify(+) this sense?) A section of split logs used as fuel.
- 1833, The Gospel Anchor (volume 2, page 371)
- She said, 'I hope I shall not be left to kill myself, but It would be no more sin to kill me, than to put a block on the fire.'
- 1803, Mary Tighe, Selena
- "Aye," said the farmer putting another block on the fire as he spoke […]
- 2012, Ron Herrett, Shorty's Story
- Dawn and Shorty would cut this tree into blocks, while Randy and Matt went back for more. Dawn and Shorty made a good team on the crosscut, so when another log arrived, the first was almost completely made into shake wood.
- 1833, The Gospel Anchor (volume 2, page 371)
- (Britain) Solitary confinement.
- A cellblock.
- (falconry) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.
- (printing, dated) A piece of hard wood on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted.
- (obsolete) A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt.
- What a block art thou!
- A section of a railroad where the block system is used.
- (cricket) The position of a player or bat when guarding the wicket.
- (cricket) A blockhole.
- (cricket) The popping crease.
- Misspelling of bloc.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- (transitive) To fill (something) so that it is not possible to pass.
- The pipe is blocked.
- (transitive) To prevent (something or someone) from passing.
- You're blocking the road – I can't get through.
- (transitive) To prevent (something from happening or someone from doing something).
- His plan to take over the business was blocked by the boss.
- (transitive, sports) To impede an opponent.
- He blocked the basketball player's shot.
- The offensive linemen tried to block the blitz.
- (transitive, theater) To specify the positions and movements of the actors.
- It was very difficult to block this scene convincingly.
- (transitive, cricket) To hit with a block.
- (intransitive, cricket) To play a block shot.
- (transitive) To disable communication via telephone, instant messaging, etc., with an undesirable someone.
- I tried to send you a message, but you've blocked me!
- (computing, intransitive) To wait.
- When the condition expression is false, the thread blocks on the condition variable.
- (transitive) To stretch or mould (a knitted item, a hat, etc.) into the desired shape.
- I blocked the mittens by wetting them and pinning them to a shaped piece of cardboard.
block m (genitive singular bluick)
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
block m (plural blocks)
- (Guatemala) cement block
- a block, a boulder, a cuboid (of ice, wood, rock)
- a block, a pad, a notebook
- a block, a pulley
- a block, a piece of data storage
- a bloc (of voters or countries)
|Inflection of block|