Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր ‎(čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր ‎(čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार ‎(kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός ‎(xērósm ‎(feminine ξηρά, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill

GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός ‎(xirósm ‎(feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό‎ ― to klíma eínai polý xiró ― the climate is very dry
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος‎ ― xirós oínos ― dry wine

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below:

SynonymsEdit

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