Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր (čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր (čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार (kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where ε would normally be expected is problematic.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός (xērósm (feminine ξηρά, neuter ξηρόν); first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός (xirósm (feminine ξηρή or ξηρά, neuter ξηρό)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό‎ ― to klíma eínai polý xiróthe climate is very dry
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος‎ ― xirós oínosdry wine

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below:

SynonymsEdit