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Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (to stand). See ῐ̔́στημῐ (hístēmi). Cognate with Icelandic staur (a stake, pole), English stour (stake, pole), Swedish stör. Compare also staff.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /stau̯.rós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /stawˈros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /staˈβros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /staˈvros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /staˈvros/
  • NounEdit

    σταυρός (staurósm (genitive σταυροῦ); second declension

    1. upright stake or pile
    2. crucifix
      • 70 CE – 110 CE, The Gospel of Matthew 27:40
        εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, κατάβηθι απὸ τοῦ σταυροῦ.
        ei huiòs eî toû theoû, katábēthi apò toû stauroû.
        If you are the son of God, come down from the cross!



    Derived termsEdit


    Further readingEdit



    From Ancient Greek σταυρός (staurós).


    • IPA(key): /stavˈros/
    • Hyphenation: σταυ‧ρός


    σταυρός (stavrósm (plural σταυροί)

    1. cross (geometrical figure)
      Επειδή ο παππούς μου είναι αγράμματος, υπογράφει με σταυρό.Epeidí o pappoús mou eínai agrámmatos, ypográfei me stavró.Since my grandfather is illiterate, he signs with a cross.
    2. (Christianity) cross, crucifix (cross on which one is crucified; usually refers to the one upon which Jesus Christ died)
      Ο Χριστός πέθανε πάνω στο σταυρό.O Christós péthane páno sto stavró.Christ died on the cross.
    3. (figuratively) cross (difficult situation that must be endured)
      Ο καθένας σηκώνει μεγάλο σταυρό.O kathénas sikónei megálo stavró.Everyone has their own cross to bear.
    4. (Christianity) cross, crucifix (representation of the crucifixion stake of Christ worn or displayed by Christians)
      Ο αρχιεπίσκοπος φοράει χρυσό σταυρό.O archiepískopos foráei chrysó stavró.The archbishop is wearing a gold cross.
    5. (Christianity) sign of the cross (gesture of the hand moving over the front of one's body in the shape of a cross)
      κάνω τον σταυρό μουkáno ton stavró mouI bless myself/I make the sign of the cross
    6. (puppetry) control bar (wooden device used to control marionettes)
    7. (anatomy, colloquial) glabella (space between the eyebrows and the nose)
    8. (gymnastics) Iron Cross (maneuver in which both arms are extended straight out from the sides of the body while suspended mid air and holding onto rings)


    Derived termsEdit