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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰrépʰō with deaspiration of the /tʰ/ to /t/ by Grassmann's law everywhere except in forms where the /pʰ/ has been deaspirated to /p/ by a following consonant (future, first aorist, perfect middle). According to Beekes, Pre-Greek substratum word. Within Indo-European it is usually compared to Lithuanian drìbti (to fall down in flakes) and drė̃bti (to throw a thick fluid) but with unclear semantic connection, as well as expressions for "dregs" in Celtic, Germanic and Slavic, linking it to Proto-Indo-European *dʰrebʰ-.

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

τρέφω (tréphō)

  1. to thicken, congeal, curdle
  2. to make to grow, to increase, bring up, breed, rear (especially of children)
    1. (of slaves, cattle, etc.) to rear and keep
    2. to tend, cherish
    3. (of parts of the body) to let grown, cherish, foster
    4. (poetic, of earth and sea) to breed. produce, teem with
    5. (poetic) to have within oneself, to contain, keep, have
  3. to maintain, support
    1. (in historical writers) to maintain or subsist an army
    2. (of land) to feed, maintain one
  4. to bring up, rear, educate
  5. the passive sometimes came to mean little more than "to be"

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek.

VerbEdit

τρέφω (tréfo) (simple past έθρεψα, passive τρέφομαι)

  1. (transitive) feed, nourish, maintain
  2. (intransitive) heal, be raised

ConjugationEdit