φίλος

See also: φῖλος and -φιλος

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *pʰílos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰil-o-s, from *bʰil- (decent, good, harmonious, friendly). Cognate with Old Irish bil (good, mild) and Proto-Germanic *biliz (kind, gentle; decent, fair), whence Old English bile- (kind, suitable, appropriate, prefix), German billig (appropriate, fitting, inexpensive, cheap) and Dutch billijk (appropriate).

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

φῐ́λος (phílosm (feminine φῐ́λη, neuter φῐ́λον); first/second declension

  1. That which is loved or important: beloved, dear, of or from a friend
  2. (less commonly): loving, friendly

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Latin: -phila

NounEdit

φῐ́λος (phílosm (genitive φῐ́λου); second declension

  1. friend

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek φίλος (phílos), probably from a Proto-Hellenic *pʰílos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰil-o-s, from *bʰil- (decent, good, harmonious, friendly).

NounEdit

φίλος (fílosm (plural φίλοι, feminine φίλη)

  1. friend
  2. boyfriend
  3. acquaintance

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

φίλος (fílosm (feminine φίλη, neuter φίλο)

  1. friendly
  2. dear
  3. beloved (obsolete, literary)

DeclensionEdit