See also: bił, bíl, and біль

EnglishEdit

NumeralEdit

bil

  1. Abbreviation of billion.

AnagramsEdit


BouyeiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *piːᴬ (year). Cognate with Thai ปี (bpii), Northern Thai ᨸᩦ, Lao ປີ (), ᦔᦲ (ṗii), Shan ပီ (pǐi), Tai Nüa ᥙᥤ (pi), Phake ပီ (), Ahom 𑜆𑜣 (), Zhuang bi.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil

  1. year

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bil

  1. masculine singular past participle of bít

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a clipping of automobil (automobile), from French automobile (automotive).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil c (singular definite bilen, plural indefinite biler)

  1. car, automobile

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Faroese: bilur
  • Greenlandic: biili
  • Icelandic: bíll
  • Norwegian Bokmål: bil
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: bil
  • Swedish: bil

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɪl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bil
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bille, often used in compounds, borrowed from Ingvaeonic/North Sea West Germanic *belle, from Proto-Germanic *balliō-, a variant of *balluz.

NounEdit

bil f (plural billen, diminutive billetje n)

  1. A buttock, usually used in the plural: billen, unless specified as left/right
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *bíþla- (axe), instrumental noun from *bītaną (to bite).[1][2]

However, compare *bilją (blade, axe), which could have influenced its development.

NounEdit

bil f (plural billen, diminutive billetje n)

  1. a hammer-like double-edged tool used by stonecutters and millers
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, Vol 44 (1929), issue #4
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Further readingEdit


ElfdalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Presumably from Swedish bil.

NounEdit

bil m

  1. car, automobile

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bil, from Proto-Germanic *bilą, of uncertain origin. Compare *biliþī (likeness, evenness) and *bilōn- (to give way), *bibāną (to shiver, tremble).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil n (genitive singular bils, plural bil)

  1. A space
  2. A while, time, period

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bil
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative bil bilið bil bilini
accusative bil bilið bil bilini
dative bili bilinum bilum bilunum
genitive bils bilsins bila bilanna

NounEdit

bil

  1. accusative singular of bilur

GaroEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

bil

  1. strength

HausaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bill.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bîl m

  1. bill, invoice

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bil, from Proto-Germanic *bilą, of uncertain origin. Compare *biliþī (likeness, evenness) and *bilōn- (to give way), *bibāną (to shiver, tremble).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil n (genitive singular bils, nominative plural bil)

  1. space, interval
  2. period of time, moment, space
  3. (computing) space
  4. damage, wound, nick
  5. (archaic) hesitation, break (in some action, process, etc.)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 63-64

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

This word originates from a Danish newspaper's contest to create a word for car. The winning proposition was "bil", a short form of automobil.[1] This word was subsequently adopted into Norwegian.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil m (definite singular bilen, indefinite plural biler, definite plural bilene)

  1. a car, automobile

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

This word originates from a Danish newspaper's contest to create a word for car. The winning proposition was "bil", a short form of automobil.[1] This word was subsequently adopted into Norwegian.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil m (definite singular bilen, indefinite plural bilar, definite plural bilane)

  1. a car, automobile
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse bil.

NounEdit

bìl n (definite singular bìlet, indefinite plural bìl, definite plural bìli)

  1. (pre-1917) alternative form of bel

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From West Germanic *billo-, from Proto-Germanic *bilją. Cognate with Old Saxon bil, Old High German bill (German Bille (pickaxe)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil n

  1. (poetic) a kind of sword or other bladed weapon, apparently having two edges
    Abrægd mid ðy bille.He brandished with his sword.
    • 10th century, Anglo-Saxon Riddles of the Exeter Book[1]:
      Ic eom anhaga iserne wund bille gebennad beadoweorca sæd ecgum werig
      I am a lonely thing, wounded with iron, smitten by sword, sated with battle-work, weary of blades.

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Danish bil.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil c

  1. a car, an automobile

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bil bilen bilar bilarna
Genitive bils bilens bilars bilarnas

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


TatarEdit

NounEdit

bil

  1. a kind of salmon (Salmo Taimen)

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English bill.

NounEdit

bil

  1. bill

TurkishEdit

VerbEdit

bil

  1. imperative of bilmek

VolapükEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English beer and German Bier (this deformation was changed back to the original "r" sound)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil (nominative plural bils)

  1. bile, gall (an obsolete English term for bile)
  2. (obsolete word (the "l" was changed to "r") for bir "beer") beer

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bill (note of charges for goods; list), from Middle English bille (document), from Anglo-Norman bille, from Old French bulle, from Medieval Latin bulla (seal; sealed document).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil m (plural biliau)

  1. bill (receipt)

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bil fil mil unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “bil”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

ZouEdit

 
Bil.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bil

  1. ear

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41