See also: жыла

Bulgarian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *žila.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈʒiɫɐ]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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жи́ла (žílaf

  1. blood vessel, vein
  2. sinew, tendon

Declension

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References

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  • жила”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • жила”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010

Anagrams

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Macedonian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *žila.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈʒiɫa]
  • Hyphenation: жи‧ла

Noun

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жила (žilaf (relational adjective жилав, diminutive жиличка or жиличе)

  1. (anatomy) blood vessel, vein
  2. (anatomy) sinew, tendon
  3. (geology) vein, lode
  4. (botany) vein
  5. slingshot, sling, catapult

Declension

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References

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  • жила” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Old Church Slavonic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *žila. Cognates include Old Armenian ջիլ (ǰil), Latin filum (thread), Lithuanian gýsla.

Noun

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жила (žilaf

  1. vein
  2. tendon

Declension

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References

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Old East Slavic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *žila.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʑilɑ//ˈʑila//ˈʑila/
  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈʑilɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈʑila/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈʑila/
  • Hyphenation: жи́‧ла

Noun

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жила (žilaf

  1. vein
  2. tendon

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Belarusian: жы́ла (žýla)
  • Russian: жи́ла (žíla)
  • Ukrainian: жи́ла (žýla)

References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893) “жила”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volumes 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 873

Russian

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *žila.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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жи́ла (žílaf inan (genitive жи́лы, nominative plural жи́лы, genitive plural жил, diminutive жи́лка)

  1. (anatomy) sinew, tendon
  2. (anatomy) vein
    Synonym: ве́на (véna)
  3. (geology) vein
  4. strand
Declension
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Etymology 2

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жить (žitʹ) +‎ -ла (-la)

Noun

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жи́ла (žílam anim or f anim (genitive жи́лы, nominative plural жи́лы, genitive plural жил)

  1. (derogatory) miser, niggard, skinflint
    Synonyms: скупец (skupec), жлоб (žlob), сквалыга (skvalyga), жмот (žmot), скупердяй (skuperdjaj), крохобор (kroxobor), скря́га (skrjága)
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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жила́ (žilá)

  1. feminine singular past indicative imperfective of жить (žitʹ)

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *žila. Doublet of фајл.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ʒîla/
  • Hyphenation: жи‧ла

Noun

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жи̏ла f (Latin spelling žȉla)

  1. vein
  2. tendon

Declension

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Ukrainian

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Slavic *žila.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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жи́ла (žýlaf inan (genitive жи́ли, nominative plural жи́ли, genitive plural жил, diminutive жи́лка)

  1. (anatomy) sinew, tendon
  2. (anatomy) vein
    Synonym: ве́на (véna)
  3. (geology) vein
  4. strand
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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жила́ (žylá)

  1. feminine singular past indicative imperfective of жи́ти (žýty)