Doublet of load, which has however become semantically restricted. The now-archaic lode continues the old sense of Old English lād (“way, course, journey”) but by the 19th century survived only dialectally in the sense of "watercourse", as a technical term in mining, and in the compounds lodestone, lodestar.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ləʊd/
- (General American) IPA(key): /loʊd/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊd
- Homophones: load, lowed
lode (plural lodes)
- (obsolete) A way or path; a road.
- (dialectal) a watercourse
- (mining) A vein of metallic ore that lies within definite boundaries, or within a fissure.
- (by extension) A rich source of supply.
- Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
lode f (plural lodi)
- Synonym: elogio
- senza infamia e senza lode
- (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Borrowed from Middle Low German lode (“piece of lead (used as weight), plummet”), or perhaps from an East Frisian word (compare Saterland Frisian Lood) or Middle Dutch lood, which all had the same meaning (compare German Lot (“plummet, solder”)), itself a borrowing from Celtic (originally meaning “easily melting metal”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *plewd- (“to flow”), whence also Latvian plūst (“to stream, to flow”). This borrowing is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries.
lode f (5th declension)
- (mathematics) sphere
- lodes diametrs ― diameter of a sphere
- lodes rādiuss ― radius of a sphere
- lodes tilpums ― volume of a sphere
- object with spherical form; (sports) ball
- zemes lode, zemeslode ― the Earth Globe
- koka, dzelzs lode ― wood, iron ball
- grūst lodi ― to push a ball
- bullet, canon ball
- iešaut kādam lodi krūtīs ― to shoot a bullet in someone's chest
- lielgabala lode ― cannon ball
On the southernmost Livonian toponyms Dzintra Hirša mentions a lake Lúodis in Zarasai District Municipality, Lithuania (as well as Luõdes ezers and Luodezers in Latvia) connecting these with Livonian lūod (“northwest”) and mentioning Latvian lodes vējš (“northwestern wind”) as being from the same source.
lode f (5th declension)
- (dialectal, usually attributively in the expression lodes vējš) northwest
- lodes vējš ― northwestern wind