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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin miser (wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, miserable, sick, ill, bad, worthless, etc.).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

miser (plural misers)

  1. (derogatory) A person who hoards money rather than spending it; one who is cheap or extremely parsimonious.
    Ebenezer Scrooge was a stereotypical miser: he spent nothing he could save, neither giving to charity nor enjoying his wealth.
  2. A kind of earth auger, typically large-bored and often hand-operated.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

mise +‎ -er

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

miser

  1. (gambling) to bet (place a bet)

ConjugationEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unknown origin. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *mēwdʰ- (to complain, be emotional about), the same root of Latin maereō and Ancient Greek μῖσος (mîsos, hatred).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈmi.ser/, [ˈmɪ.sɛr]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

miser (feminine misera, neuter miserum, comparative miserior, superlative miserrimus, adverb miseriter); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. poor, wretched, pitiful
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Aeneid, Book I
      nōn ignāra malī miserīs succurrere discō
      being not unacquainted with woe, I learn to help the unfortunate
    • Catullus. Catullus 8
      Miser Catulle, dēsinās ineptīre
      Poor Catullus, stop with the nonsense
  2. miserable, unhappy
  3. worthless, null
  4. tragic, unfortunate
  5. sick
  6. tormenting

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera
Genitive miserī miserae miserī miserōrum miserārum miserōrum
Dative miserō miserō miserīs
Accusative miserum miseram miserum miserōs miserās misera
Ablative miserō miserā miserō miserīs
Vocative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Eastern Romance:
    • Romanian: meser, measer
  • Italian: misero
  • Old French: mezre
  • Catalan: míser
  • Portuguese: mísero
  • Spanish: mísero
  • Albanian: mjerë[1] (disputed)
  • English: miser
  • Romanian: mizer

ReferencesEdit

  • miser in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • miser in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • miser in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to live a happy (unhappy) life: vitam beatam (miseram) degere
  • H. H. Mallinckrodt, Latijn Nederlands woordenboek (Aula n° 24), Utrecht-Antwerpen, Spectrum, 1959 [Latin - Dutch dictionary in Dutch]
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “mjerë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 270