See also: fílum

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fīlum (thread).

NounEdit

filum (plural fila)

  1. (anatomy) a filamentous anatomical structure

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-. Cognate with Lithuanian gysla.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fīlum n (genitive fīlī); second declension

  1. thread, string, filament, fiber
  2. texture, style, nature
  3. wick of a lamp
  4. accusative singular of fīlum
  5. vocative singular of fīlum

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fīlum fīla
Genitive fīlī fīlōrum
Dative fīlō fīlīs
Accusative fīlum fīla
Ablative fīlō fīlīs
Vocative fīlum fīla

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Corsican: filu
  • Dalmatian: fil
  • Eastern Romance:
  • Italian: filo, fila
  • Old French: fil
    • French: fil
      • English: file (collection of papers) (see there for further descendants)
      • French: file
        • English: file (column of people)
        • Spanish: fila
  • Old Leonese:
  • Old Occitan:
  • Old Portuguese: fio
  • Old Spanish: filo
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Sardinian: filu, fiu
  • Sicilian: filu
  • Venetian: fiło, fil
  • Albanian: fill
  • English: filum

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill