See also: fílum

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fīlum (thread). Doublet of file.

NounEdit

filum (plural fila)

  1. (anatomy) a filamentous anatomical structure

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *fī(s)lom, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-. Cognate with Lithuanian gysla.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fīlum n (genitive fīlī); second declension

  1. thread, string, filament, fiber
  2. texture, style, nature
  3. wick of a lamp

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fīlum fīla
Genitive fīlī fīlōrum
Dative fīlō fīlīs
Accusative fīlum fīla
Ablative fīlō fīlīs
Vocative fīlum fīla

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: hir, hjir, hiru
    • Romanian: fir
    • Albanian: fill
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • North Italian:
  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Old French: fil
      • French: fil file (see there for further descendants)
  • Occitano-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
    • Old Leonese:
    • Old Portuguese: fio
    • Old Spanish: filo
      • Spanish: filo, hilo (see there for further descendants)
  • Insular Romance:
  • Borrowings:

ReferencesEdit

  • filum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • filum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • filum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • filum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN