Old Church SlavonicEdit

PrepositionEdit

об (ob)

  1. Alternative form of объ (obŭ)

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *o(b), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ebʰi.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɐp] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ɐb] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • (file)
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

об (ob)

  1. (+ prepositional case) about, of, on
    Я узна́л мно́го об икре́Ja uznál mnógo ob ikréI found out a lot about caviar.
  2. (+ accusative case) against, upon
    опира́ться об окно́opirátʹsja ob oknóto lean against the window

Usage notesEdit

  • The об form is usually unstressed. It is stressed in the idioms рука́ о́б ру́ку (ruká ób rúku), как о́б стену горо́х (kak ób stenu goróx). It can be stressed or unstressed in the word combination о́б пол (ób pol) (об по́л (ob pól)).
  • When governing the prepositional case, об is used before vowels. However, both об and о can occur before the possessive pronoun их (ix).
  • When governing the accusative case, об is used before vowels and variably before liquids in the written language. In the colloquial language, об is used before all words.

TajikEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian ʾp̄ (āb), from Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 (ap-), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hā́ps, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep- (water, body of water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Dari آب
Iranian Persian
Tajik об (ob)

об (ob)

  1. water

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit