คุณ

See also: คูณ

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

คุณ m

  1. Thai script form of guṇa (string)
  2. Thai script form of guṇa (quality)

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

NounEdit

คุณ (guṇám

  1. Thai script form of गुण (merit)

ThaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Alternative forms

EtymologyEdit

From Pali guṇa (cord; fibre; quality) or from Sanskrit गुण (guṇa, quality, feature, attribute; merit, virtue; etc); probably via Old Khmer គុណ (guṇa, attribute; excellence; interest; merit; property; quality; supernatural power; virtue). Cognate with Lao ຄຸນ (khun); Khmer គុណ (kun); Old Javanese guṇa.

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicคุณ
g u ɳ
Phonemic
คุน
g u n
[bound form]
คุน-นะ-
g u n – n a –
RomanizationPaiboonkunkun-ná-
Royal Institutekhunkhun-na-
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰun˧/(R)/kʰun˧.na˦˥./
Audio

NounEdit

คุณ (kun)

  1. attribute; characteristic; property.
  2. benefit; interest; use.
  3. magic; black magic; black art; occult; supernatural power.
  4. excellence; goodness.
  5. morality; virtue.
  6. (พระ~) favour; kindness.
  7. a noble title given to an unmarried woman who has been conferred with the royal decoration of Chula Chom Klao (second class to fourth class).
  8. (colloquial, polite) used as a title for or term of address to anyone out of respect.

Usage notesEdit

  • (noble title): If the woman is married, the title คุณหญิง (kun-yǐng) is used. As for the woman who is a member of the special second class or higher class, the title ท่านผู้หญิง (tân-pûu-yǐng) is used, irrespective of the marital status.

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms

PronounEdit

คุณ (kun)

  1. (colloquial, polite) a second or third person pronoun, used out of respect.