เขา

ThaiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicเขา
e kʰ ā
Phonemic
เขา
e kʰ ā
[informal]
เค้า
e g ˆ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎokáo
Royal Institutekhaokhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)/kʰaw˦˥/(R)

PronounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. he; she; they.
  2. (childish) I; oneself.
Usage notesEdit
  • The third person pronoun can be used specifically or nonspecifically, such as "เขาว่า..." (kǎo wâa...; "they say...").
  • The first person pronoun is usually used with the second person pronoun ตัวเอง (dtuua-eeng) or เตง (dteeng).

NounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (figuratively) one who is not on someone's part or side or is not a member of someone's group, entity, etc.
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

Etymology 2Edit

Compare Middle Chinese (MC kʰɨu, “mountain”). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

NounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. hill; mountain.
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Tai *qawᴬ (horn). Cognate to Northern Thai ᨡᩮᩢᩣ, Lao ເຂົາ (khao), ᦃᧁ (ẋaw), Shan ၶဝ် (khǎw), Ahom 𑜁𑜧 (khaw) or 𑜁𑜨𑜧 (khow), Zhuang gaeu. Compare Sui baol and ggaol (horn), Southern Kam baol (horn), Proto-Hlai *ɦəw (horn).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

NounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. horn; antler.
See alsoEdit
See also

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

NounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (นก~) any of various birds of the family Columbidae, including doves and pigeons.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicเขา
e kʰ ā
RomanizationPaiboonkǎo
Royal Institutekhao
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰaw˩˩˦/(R)

NounEdit

เขา (kǎo)

  1. (somewhat archaic) climber; creeper; vine.