อภิธรรม

ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit अभिधर्म (abhidharma, literally higher dharma), from अभि (abhi, higher; over; above) + धर्म (dharma, dharma); equivalent to Thai อภิ (à-pí) +‎ ธรรม (tam). Compare Pali abhidhamma, from which Modern Khmer អភិធម្ម (ʼɑɑphɨtmmɔɔ) was derived.

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicอภิธรรม
ɒ bʰ i dʰ r r m
Phonemic
อะ-พิ-ทำ
ɒ a – b i – d å
RomanizationPaiboonà-pí-tam
Royal Institutea-phi-tham
(standard) IPA(key)/ʔa˨˩.pʰi˦˥.tʰam˧/(R)

Proper nounEdit

อภิธรรม (à-pí-tam)

  1. (Buddhism) (พระ~) Abhidhamma, a set of seven scriptures traditionally recited by priests at funerals: สังคณี (sǎng-ká-nii), วิภังค์ (wí-pang), ธาตุกถา (taa-dtù-gà-tǎa), ปุคคลบัญญัติ (bpùk-ká-lá-ban-yàt), กถาวัตถุ (gà-tǎa-wát-tù), ยมก (yá-má-gà), and ปัฏฐาน (bpàt-dtà-tǎan).
  2. (Buddhism) (พระ~) Abhidhamma, one and the last of the three volumes of the Buddhist Canon; the other two being วินัย (wí-nai) and สูตร (sùut).