ธรรม

ThaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Alternative forms

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit धर्म (dharma, that which upholds or supports). Compare Pali dhamma, from which Thai ธัมมะ and its alternative forms are derived. Cognate with Old Khmer dharma, dhārmma, dharmma; Modern Khmer ធម៌ (thɔə), ធម្ម (thŏəm).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicธรรม
dʰ r r m
Phonemic
{Reduplication}
ทำ
d å
[bound form]
ทำ-มะ-
d å – m a –
RomanizationPaiboontamtam-má-
Royal Institutethamtham-ma-
(standard) IPA(key)/tʰam˧/(R)/tʰam˧.ma˦˥./
Homophonesทำ

NounEdit

ธรรม (tam)

  1. moral virtue; moral excellence; morality.
  2. fairness; righteousness; justness; justice.
  3. (Indian religions, as Buddhism, Hinduism, etc) (พระ~) dharma.
  4. (religion) (พระ~) teaching; instruction; doctrine; principle.
  5. (religion) (พระ~) precept; code of conduct.
  6. rule; regulation.
  7. (obsolete, now chiefly figuratively) law; statute.
  8. nature; condition; state.
  9. thing; matter; article; object; substance.
  10. (Buddhism in Thailand) a noble rank of a priest, above the rank of เทพ (têep) and below those given silver cards of rank called หิรัญบัฏ.

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms