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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin. Generally acknowledged to be a non-Indo-European loan. Relations with the Semitic root √'wg has been discussed. Another possibility includes a derivation from non-attested Sumerian *A-ki-an(u) (Water of the Land and Heaven).[1]

Beekes suggests a Pre-Greek proto-form *kay-an. Michael Janda has reminded the scientific community of an earlier comparison[2] with the Vedic dragon Vṛtra's attribute āśáyāna- “lying on [the waters]”, claiming it to be an exact phonetical transposition of the Greek word, both stemming from Proto-Indo-European *ō-kei-ṃ[h1]no- (“lying on”), related to κεῖται (keîtai, to lie).

PronunciationEdit

 

Proper nounEdit

Ὠκεᾰνός (Ōkeanósm (genitive Ὠκεᾰνοῦ); second declension

  1. Oceanus, a Greek water god usually said to be a Titan, one of the sons of Uranus and Gaia.
  2. The great freshwater river thought to encompass the world disc.
  3. The great saline outer sea (the Atlantic), as opposed to the Mediterranean.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ὠκεανός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Ὠκεανός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Ὠκεανός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • Ὠκεανός in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,018
  • Michael Janda: Die Musik nach dem Chaos. Der Schöpfungsmythos der europäischen Vorzeit. Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck 2010, p. 57 ff.
  1. ^ Bernal, Martin: Black Athena: The archaeological and documentary evidence. Rutgers University Press, 1987, Chapter 7, page 301
  2. ^ Traced back to Adalbert Kuhn, ὠκεανός, in: Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiet des Deutschen, Griechischen und Lateinischen, vol. 9 (1860), 240, who had refined an earlier suggestion by Theodor Benfey.