くれる

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "くれる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
くれる れる [kùrérú]
Imperative (命令形) くれ [kùré]
Key constructions
Passive - - -
Causative くれさせる れさせる [kùrésásérú]
Potential - - -
Volitional くれよう れよ [kùréyóꜜò]
Negative くれない れない [kùrénáí]
Negative perfective くれなかった れなかった [kùrénáꜜkàttà]
Formal くれます れま [kùrémáꜜsù]
Perfective くれた れた [kùrétá]
Conjunctive くれて れて [kùrété]
Hypothetical conditional くれれば れれ [kùréréꜜbà]

VerbEdit

くれる (kureruichidan (stem くれ (kure), past くれた (kureta))

  1. to give to me, to us, or to someone close to me
    友達(ともだち)CD(シーディー)くれた
    Tomodachi ga shīdī o kureta.
    My friend gave me a CD.
  2. to do something for me, for us, or for someone close to me
    (さら)(あら)ってくれる
    Osara o arattekureru.
    He washes the dishes for me.
Usage notesEdit
  • The receiver is always the speaker or someone close to the speaker such as a family member.
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit
Wikibooks has more about this subject:

Wikibooks

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of くれる – see the following entry.
暮れる
[verb] (impersonal) get dark, for night to fall
[verb] for the season to end
[verb] be overwhelmed in an emotion, be lost in thought
(This term, くれる, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN