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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
くだ
Grade: 1

EtymologyEdit

From  (くだ)される (kudasareru), by a shift in the conjugation from ichidan to godan.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɯ̟ᵝda̠sa̠ɾɯ̟ᵝ]

VerbEdit

下さる (godan conjugation, hiragana くださる, rōmaji kudasaru)

  1. (honorific) to give
    先生 (せんせい) (わたし) (ほん) (くだ)さいました
    sensei wa watashi ni hon o kudasaimashita.
    [My] teacher gave me a book.
  2. (honorific) to do something for me/us

Usage notesEdit

  • The receiver is always the speaker or someone close to the speaker such as a family member. The giver is always someone of higher social status than the speaker.

ConjugationEdit

See alsoEdit