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ChineseEdit

nine fountain; spring
simp. and trad.
(九泉)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (15)
Final () (136) (78)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuX/ /d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuX/ /d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəuX/ /d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwX/ /d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/kiuX/ /d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/kĭəuX/ /d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯uX/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǔ quán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǔ quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuwX › ‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]uʔ/ /*s-N-ɢʷar/ (MC I!)
English nine spring, source

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 6941 10728
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuʔ/ /*sɡʷen/

NounEdit

九泉

  1. (formal) grave; the nether word; the Nine Springs