See also: , 𠓴, and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – belongings under a roof (/): all one’s belongings, complete.


Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han characterEdit

(radical 11 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一土 (OMG), four-corner 80104, composition (GJ) or ⿱ (TKV))

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 126, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 271, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5168

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyan³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyan²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyan⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyan⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyɛn²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyan³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰyen²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰye̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰion¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡suan³⁵/
/t͡sŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
quán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]o[n]/
English complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlon/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. entire; all
  2. everything; complete
  3. completely
  4. maintain, keep whole or intact
  5. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(dzjwen, complete, whole).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen)

  1. entire, complete, overall

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen-)

  1. all, pan-, omni-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. whole; all; complete

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(toàn, tuyền)

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