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See also: , 𠓴, and
U+5168, 全
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5168

[U+5167]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5169]
U+FA72, 全
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA72

[U+FA71]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA73]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 11, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一土 (OMG), four-corner 80104, composition (GJV) or ⿱ (HTK))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 126, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 271, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5168

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sroːn, *sʰlon
*sroːn, *sron
*ʔsroːn, *ʔsron, *ʔslun
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon, *djon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon, *sʰlod
*sʰlon, *ʔsron
*sʰlon
*zlon
*zlon, *doːŋ
*zlon

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (jade) – a whole piece of jade; pure jade.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chn̂g/chûiⁿ - vernacular;
  • choân - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyan³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰyan²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyã⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyan⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyɛn²¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyan³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰyen²⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zyẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰion¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡suan³⁵/
    /t͡sŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (78)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ziuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zʷiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zjuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    quán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    quán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]o[n]/
    English complete (adj.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10718
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlon/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pure jade
    2. whole; entire; all
    3. completely; wholly
    4. everything; complete
    5. perfect; flawless; faultless
    6. to preserve; to save; to keep whole or intact
    7. to maintain; to keep
    8. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ぜん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (dzjwen, complete, whole).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぜん, rōmaji zen)

    1. entire, complete, overall

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana ぜん, rōmaji zen-)

    1. all, pan-, omni-

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jeon) (hangeul )

    1. whole; all; complete

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (toàn, tuyền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.