U+6CC9, 泉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CC9

[U+6CC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CCA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 85, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹日水 (HAE), four-corner 26232, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 615, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17274
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1009, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1576, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6CC9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𤽄

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
       

EtymologyEdit

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructs the Old Chinese as *dzwan and also reconstructs Proto-Tibeto-Burman *tso (to bubble; to boil) (> Tibetan འཚོད་པ ('tshod pa, to be boiled), Tibetan བཙོས (btsos, to cook in boiling water), Burmese ဆူ (hcu, to boil; to bubble)), and considers (OC *sɡʷen, “spring (of water)”) to be cognate to it (with an n-suffix nominalization). However, STEDT considers the above three Tibeto-Burman terms to be descended from Proto-Tibeto-Burman *tsjow (to boil; to burn; to bake; to bake), to which (OC *ʔsew, “to roast; to burn; to scorch”) is cognate.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • choân - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
quán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-N-ɢʷar/ (MC I!)
English spring, source

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10728
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡʷen/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spring; fountain
  2. an ancient type of coin
  3. Short for 泉州 (Quánzhōu, “Quanzhou”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. spring (source of water)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
いずみ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

/idumi//id͡zumi/(for most modern Japanese dialects; see also Yotsugana) /izumi/

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

Compound of 出づ (ancient reading idu, modern izu, “to come out”) +‎ (mi, water).[1][2][3][4]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(いずみ) (izumi (historical kana いづみ)

  1. natural spring, a wellspring
    Synonyms: 湧泉, 涌泉 (yūsen)
    (わか)(がえ)りの(いずみ)
    Wakagaeri no Izumi
    The Fountain of Youth
    • 1999 August 26, “(いずみ)(よう)(せい) [Fairy of the Fountain]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
      (いずみ)(まも)(よう)(せい)(いずみ)(けが)(もの)(よう)(しゃ)なく(こう)(げき)
      Izumi o mamoru yōsei. Izumi o kegasu mono o yōsha naku kōgeki.
      A fairy who mercilessly assaults anyone who dares contaminate the fountain she’s sworn protects.

Proper nounEdit

(いずみ) (Izumi (historical kana いづみ)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ziuᴇn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: chyen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (saem cheon))

  1. Hanja form? of (spring).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tuyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.