TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
有-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
有-oracle.svg 有-bronze.svg 有-bigseal.svg 有-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(meat) – a hand holding meat, hence “in possession of”; also acts as a phonetic component. The hand shape has been significantly abstracted; compare .

Shuowen Jiezi (說文解字) and other ancient sources have erroneously analyzed the character as a Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(moon). Shuowen Jiezi defines as "不宜有也" ("[to have something that] not should be had"), citing the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋傳): "日月有食之" ("There are solar and lunar eclipses"). As eclipses were not auspicious to the Chinese, they were "something that should not be happening". The component alludes to the inauspicious lunar eclipse.

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 880, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6709

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (有), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 云久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/ have, exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15595 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to have; to possess
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    yǒu liǎng liàng chē. [Pinyin]
    I have two cars.
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) there is; to exist
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Yǒu hěn duō rén. [Pinyin]
    There are a lot of people.
    這兒 [MSC, trad.]
    这儿 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhèr yǒu shū ma? [Pinyin]
    Are there any books here?
AntonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • If the subject of the sentence is a person or an object, 有 is translated to to have. But when the subject is a place or is undefined, it is translated to there is.
Undefined subject   ―  yǒu hěn duō rén  ―  there are a lot of people
Place 街上 / 街上  ―  jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō chē  ―  There are a lot of cars in the street
  • 有 is the only verb not negated with . It is negated with
/   ―  wǒ méiyǒu qián  ―  I don't have any money

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) some

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. (= ) (archaic) again

ConjunctionEdit

  1. (= ) (archaic) and; with a remainder of (when dividing an integer by ten)

External linksEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese
stroke order
有-jorder.gif

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. exist
  2. get to exist; appear
  3. keep; maintain
  4. existence; belonging
  5. someone did certain thing
  6. possess
  7. have
  8. happen
  9. occur
  10. approximately

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 有余 ‎(ゆうよ, yūyo)
  • 有明 ‎(ありあけ, ariake)
  • 有意 ‎(ゆうい, yūi)
  • 有為 ‎(ゆうい, yūi)
  • 有卦 ‎(うけ, uke)
  • 有職 ‎(ゆうしょく, yūshoku)
  • 有識 ‎(ゆうしき, yūshiki)
  • 有象無象 ‎(うぞうむぞう, uzōmuzō)
  • 有益 ‎(ゆうえき, yūeki)
  • 有縁 ‎(ゆうえん, yūen)
  • 有休 ‎(ゆうきゅう, yūkyū)
  • 有窮 ‎(ゆうきゅう, yūkyū)
  • 有功 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有頂天 ‎(うちょうてん, uchōten)
  • 有徳 ‎(ゆうとく, yūtoku)
  • 有名無実 ‎(ゆうめいむじつ, yūmeimujitsu)
  • 有無 ‎(うむ, umu)
  • 有耶無耶 ‎(うやむや, uyamuya)
  • 有事 ‎(ゆうじ, yūji)
  • 有能 ‎(ゆうのう, yūnō)
  • 有機 ‎(ゆうき, yūki)
  • 有識者 ‎(ゆうしきしゃ, yūshikisha)
  • 有終 ‎(ゆうしゅう, yūshū)
  • 有情 ‎(ゆうじょう, yūjō)
  • 有色 ‎(ゆうしょく, yūshoku)
  • 有身 ‎(ゆうしん, yūshin)
  • 有限 ‎(ゆうげん, yūgen)
  • 有恒 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有効 ‎(ゆうこう, yūkō)
  • 有司 ‎(ゆうし, yūshi)
  • 有数 ‎(ゆうすう, yūsū)
  • 有職故実 ‎(ゆうそくこじつ, yūsokukojitsu)
  • 有望 ‎(ゆうぼう, yūbō)
  • 有名 ‎(ゆうめい, yūmei)
  • 有徳人 ‎(ゆうとくじん, yūtokujin)
  • 有用 ‎(ゆうよう, yūyō)
  • 有利 ‎(ゆうり, yūri)
  • 有理 ‎(ゆうり, yūri)
  • 有理数 ‎(ゆうりすう, yūrisū)

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana なお, romaji Nao)

  1. A female given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yu, McCune-Reischauer: yu, Yale: yu)
  • Name (hangeul): 있다 (Itta)()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hữu, hỡi, hơi, nhất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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