See also: and
U+5E7D, 幽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E7D

[U+5E7C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E7E]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 52, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 山女戈戈 (UVII), four-corner 22770, composition 𢆶)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 342, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 651, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1094, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5E7D

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿶凵又

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qɯw): phonetic 𢆶 () + semantic .

Etymology edit

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Mru [script needed] (iu ~ ʔiu, dark) (Löffler, 1966); possibly also related to Tibetan གཡོག (g.yog, to cover) and གཡོགས (g.yogs, lid) (Schuessler, 2007).

Related to (yǒu), (yǎo), (yǎo), (yào), (yào).

Allofam is probably 窈窕 (OC *qiːwʔ l'eːwʔ) (ibid.).

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iou⁵⁵/
Harbin /iou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iou²¹/
Jinan /iou²¹³/
Qingdao /iou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iou²⁴/
Xi'an /iou²¹/
Xining /iɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iou³¹/
Ürümqi /iɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /iəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /iəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /iəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /iəɯ³¹/
Hefei /iɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəu¹¹/
Pingyao /iəu¹³/
Hohhot /iəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /iɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiø³³/
Wenzhou /j̠au³³/
Hui Shexian /iu³¹/
Tunxi /iu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iəu³³/
Xiangtan /iəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /iu¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu⁵³/
Nanning /jɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hĩu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (138)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter 'jiw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiw/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕu/
Wang
Li
/iəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔieu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jau1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)iw/
English dark; secluded

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14620
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯw/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. dim; dark
  2. deep and remote
  3. hidden; concealed
  4. bottled up
  5. quiet; tranquil
  6. to confine; to imprison
  7. netherworld; nether; nether-
  8. a surname

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. dark
  2. netherworld
  3. hidden
  4. confine, imprison

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune–Reischauer yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: u, ù

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.