- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /nɛð.ə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /nɛð.ɚ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛðə(ɹ)
Etymology 1 edit
From Middle English nether, nethere, nithere, from Old English niþera (“lower, under, lowest”, adjective), from niþer, niþor (“below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position”, adverb), from Proto-West Germanic [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *niþer, *niþra (“down”), from Proto-Indo-European *ni-, *nei- (“in, down”). Cognates include Dutch neder, German nieder, Luxembourgish nidder, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish ned, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish nedre (“lower”), Faroese and Icelandic niður.
- Lower; under.
- The disappointed child’s nether lip quivered.
- Lying beneath, or conceived as lying beneath, the Earth’s surface.
- the nether regions
Derived terms edit
Etymology 2 edit
Alteration of earlier nither, from Middle English nitheren, from Old English niþerian (“to depress, abase, bring low, humiliate, oppress, accuse, condemn”), from niþer (“below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position”). See above.
Alternative forms edit
- (transitive, UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To bring or thrust down; bring or make low; lower; abase; humble.
- (transitive, UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To constrict; straiten; confine; restrict; suppress; lay low; keep under; press in upon; vex; harass; oppress.
- (transitive, UK dialectal, Scotland) To pinch or stunt with cold or hunger; check in growth; shrivel; straiten.
- (transitive, UK dialectal, Scotland) To shrink or huddle, as with cold; be shivery; tremble.
- (transitive, UK dialectal, Scotland) To depreciate; disparage; undervalue.
Derived terms edit
nether (plural nethers)
- (UK dialectal, Scotland) Oppression; stress; a withering or stunting influence.
- (mining) A trouble; a fault or dislocation in a seam of coal.
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 59