From Middle English nether, nethere, nithere, from Old English niþera (“lower, under, lowest”, adjective), from niþer, niþor (“below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position”, adverb), from Proto-West Germanic [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *niþer, *niþra (“down”), from Proto-Indo-European *ni-, *nei- (“in, down”).
- Lower; under.
- The disappointed child’s nether lip quivered.
- Lying beneath, or conceived as lying beneath, the Earth’s surface.
- the nether regions
- 1873, Mark Twain, The Gilded Age, page187:
- When one thinks of the tremendous forces of the upper and the nether world which play for the mastery of the soul of a woman during the few years in which she passes from plastic girlhood to the ripe maturity of womanhood,
Alteration of earlier nither, from Middle English nitheren, from Old English niþerian (“to depress, abase, bring low, humiliate, oppress, accuse, condemn”), from niþer (“below, beneath, down, downwards, lower, in an inferior position”). See above.
- (transitive, Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To bring or thrust down; bring or make low; lower; abase; humble.
- (transitive, Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To constrict; straiten; confine; restrict; suppress; lay low; keep under; press in upon; vex; harass; oppress.
- (transitive, Britain dialectal, Scotland) To pinch or stunt with cold or hunger; check in growth; shrivel; straiten.
- (transitive, Britain dialectal, Scotland) To shrink or huddle, as with cold; be shivery; tremble.
- (transitive, Britain dialectal, Scotland) To depreciate; disparage; undervalue.
nether (plural nethers)
- (Britain dialectal, Scotland) Oppression; stress; a withering or stunting influence.
- (mining) A trouble; a fault or dislocation in a seam of coal.
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith