See also:
U+4E45, 久
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E45

[U+4E44]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E46]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 4, 丿+2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO) or X弓人 (XNO), four-corner 27800, composition𠂊)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 81, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 33, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E45

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) - a man receiving moxibustion. The derivative refers to the original word.

PronunciationEdit


Note: giēu - literary.
Note:
  • kiú - literary;
  • kú - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiǔ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiǔ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷəʔ/
    English a long time

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6969
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷlɯʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (of time) long
        ―  Nǐ dāi le duōjiǔ?  ―  How long did you stay?
      我們走路 [MSC, trad.]
      我们走路 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒmen zǒulù zǒu le hěn jiǔ. [Pinyin]
      We walked for a long time.
    2. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. long time

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ひさし) (Hisashi

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 오랠 (orael gu))

    1. Hanja form? of (to be long).

    VietnameseEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: cửu ((cử)(hữu)(thiết))[3]
    : Nôm readings: cửu[4]

    1. Hán tự form of cửu (for a long time).

    ReferencesEdit