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See also:
U+4E45, 久
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E45

[U+4E44]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E46]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 4, 丿+2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO) or X弓人 (XNO), four-corner 27800, composition𠂊)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 81, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 33, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E45

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷ·rɯs
*kʷlɯʔ
*kʷlɯʔ, *kʷlɯs
*kʷlɯʔ
*kʷlɯs
*ɡʷlɯs
*ɡʷ·lɯʔ

Pictogram (象形) - a man receiving moxibustion. The derivative refers to the original word.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiú - literary;
  • kú - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwX/
Li
Rong
/kiuX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷəʔ/
English a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷlɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of time) long
      ―  Nǐ dāi le duōjiǔ?  ―  How long did you stay?
    我們走路 [MSC, trad.]
    我们走路 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen zǒulù zǒu le hěn jiǔ. [Pinyin]
    We walked for a long time.
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. long time

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 오랠 (orael gu))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit