JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
うご
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Kojiki of 712.[1]

Likely derived as a compound of うご (ugo, a 擬態語 (gitaigo, mimetic word) imitative of something crawling or creeping; compare the sound shapes of roots wrig- or wig- in English wriggle, wiggle) +‎ (ku, verb-forming suffix).[1] Compare also the related adverb うごうご (ugougo, wrigglingly, squirmlingly, creepingly: moving in continuous small increments).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "動く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
動く [ùgóꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 動け [ùgóꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 動かれる ごかれ [ùgókáréꜜrù]
Causative 動かせる ごかせ [ùgókáséꜜrù]
Potential 動ける ごけ [ùgókéꜜrù]
Volitional 動こう ごこ [ùgókóꜜò]
Negative 動かない ごかない [ùgókáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 動かなかった ごかなかった [ùgókáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 動きます ごきま [ùgókímáꜜsù]
Perfective 動いた いた [ùgóꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 動いて いて [ùgóꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 動けば けば [ùgóꜜkèbà]

VerbEdit

(うご) (ugokuintransitive godan (stem (うご) (ugoki), past (うご)いた (ugoita))

Japanese verb pair
active 動かす
mediopassive 動く
  1. [from 712] to move
    1. to stir, shake, shift, swing
      • (うご)な!国際警察(こくさいけいさつ)だ。
        Ugoku na! Kokusai keisatsu da.
        Interpol! Don't move!
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem 2176), text here:
        秋田苅(あきたかる)苫手(とまで)(うごく)奈利(なり)白露志(しらつゆし)置穂田無跡(おくほだなしと)告尓来良思(つげにきぬらし)
        aki ta karu, tomade ugoku nari, shiratsuyu shi, oku hoda nashi to, tsuge ni kinu rashi
        The autumn-harvest rush-mat shelter moves [in the wind], as if [the wind] has come to tell us that there are no more fields full of ripe and dew-laden grain...
    2. (as of a machine or device) to operate, run, go, work
    3. (as of a person or group) to work, go into action
    4. (emotionally) to be moved, touched, influenced
    5. to change, vary, fluctuate, waver
ConjugationEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
いご
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Rare dialectal variation on ugoku above.[1][2]

Attested from the late Muromachi period (1336–1573).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

(いご) (igokuintransitive godan (stem (いご) (igoki), past (いご)いた (igoita))

  1. [from late 1500s] (archaic, possibly obsolete) to move
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
おご
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Rare dialectal variation on ugoku above.[1]

Attested in a text from 1002.[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

(おご) (ogokuintransitive godan (stem (おご) (ogoki), past (おご)いた (ogoita))

  1. [from 1002] (obsolete) to move
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN