See also: , く゚, , , , and 𡿨
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KU.svg
U+304F, く



Stroke order


Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.


(romaji ku)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ku). Its equivalent in katakana is (ku). It is the eighth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō u-dan, row ka, section u).
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
[number] nine
[number] ninth
[noun] nine
[noun] the ninth
Alternative spelling
[noun] (Buddhism) the mouth
[noun] (Buddhism) (by extension) one's speech, one's words
[noun] the mouthpiece of a flute
[counter] used to count people
[counter] used to count per-person portions
[counter] used to count open-mouthed containers
[counter] used to count bladed weapons or tools
[noun] ward, section, district
[noun] suffering
[noun] (Buddhism) dukkha
[noun] a short section from a longer text:
[noun] a phrase or clause
[noun] a sentence or line
[noun] a passage or paragraph
[noun] a verse from a song
[noun] a stanza from a poem
[counter] counter for stanzas from a poem or for haiku
[affix] carpenter's square
[affix] square (shape)
[affix] rule; law
[noun] (astronomy) quadrature
[affix] body
[counter] counter for Buddhist images
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as く.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , , , .)

Etymology 3Edit

Some obsolete inflections.



  1. : disappear
  2. : come
  3. : repeat

Etymology 4Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Alternative spelling

/-u aku//-ru aku//-ki aku//(-a)ku//-raku//-keku/

Originally a compound of the 連体形(れんたいけい) (rentaikei) of verbs and adjectives and (あく) (aku), 上代特殊仮名遣い (jōdai tokushu kanazukai) contractions of vowel clusters caused it to be reanalyzed as the suffix (ku) following the 未然形(みぜんけい) (mizenkei) of 四段活用(よだんかつよう) (yodan katsuyō) and 行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (ra-gyō henkaku katsuyō) verbs, the suffix らく (raku) following the 終止形(しゅうしけい) (shūshikei) of 二段活用(にだんかつよう) (nidan katsuyō), 行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (sa-gyō henkaku katsuyō), 行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (ka-gyō henkaku katsuyō), and 行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (na-gyō henkaku katsuyō) verbs - as well as following the 未然形(みぜんけい) (mizenkei) or 連用形(れんようけい) (ren'yōkei) of 一段活用(いちだんかつよう) (ichidan katsuyō) verbs, and the suffix けく (keku) following the stem of adjectives.

The use of this nominalizer is called 語法(ごほう) (ku-gohō).

Alternative formsEdit



  1. (obsolete) A nominalizing suffix in Old Japanese.
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit