A 国字 (kokuji, “Japanese-coined character”) which been hypothesized to have been invented in Goguryeo. Earliest usage example appeared as 幹弖利城, a name of the fortress in the Gwanggaeto Stele, erected in 414.
As the first example in Japan, appeared as 弖已加利獲居 (⟨teyo2kariwake2⟩ → Teyokariwake) and 半弖比 (⟨patepi1⟩ → Hatehi), names of ancestors of the local ruler in the Inariyama burial-mound sword, 471.
According to one theory, this is a variant form of 氐, also used as a 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨te⟩.
(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)
- 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨te⟩